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Water use and the water cycle
Water use and the water cycle

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Thursday, 7 Jul 2022, 12:34
Site: Open Learning
Course: Water use and the water cycle (S278_12)
Glossary: S278_12 Glossary
E

Evapotranspiration

The combined effects of evaporation and transpiration.
H

Humidity

A measure of how close air is to saturation with water vapour.

Hydraulic conductivity

A measure of the volume of water that will flow through a unit cross-sectional area of rock per unit time, under a unit hydraulic gradient and at a specified temperature: K in the

Darcy’s law equation.

Hydraulic gradient

The slope of a water table.

Hydrological cycle

Another name for the water cycle.

 

Hydrologically effective precipitation

The quantity of water available from underground or from rivers in an area, given by the excess of precipitation over actual evapotranspiration.

Hydrology

The study of water movement on and beneath the ground, and the physics and chemistry of water.

Hydrosphere

The parts of the Earth that are mainly composed of water.

I

Irrigation

The managed watering of crops so they can be grown in areas where they could otherwise not be grown, or to improve the yield.

 

M

Meteoric water

Fresh water derived by condensation from the atmosphere and which accumulates as surface water or underground water.