Addiction and neural ageing
Addiction and neural ageing

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Friday, 24 Jun 2022, 23:55
Site: Open Learning
Course: Addiction and neural ageing (SD805_2)
Glossary: Glossary
R

response

The behavioural reaction of an animal to a stimulus.

resting potential

The state of a neuron when it is not exhibiting an action potential. It corresponds to a voltage in which the inside of the neuron is −70 mV with respect to the outside.

retrograde amnesia

Impairment of memory for events that happened prior to the event causing the amnesia.

R group

Amino acids have the same general formula, possessing an amino group, a carboxylic acid group, and a group of atoms that is different for each amino acid; this is called the R group. The shape and properties of a protein, and hence its function, are determined by the R groups of their constituent amino acids.

ribosome

A subcellular structure composed of RNA and protein, at which protein synthesis takes place.

RNA

Ribonucleic acid; biopolymer of ribonucleotides present in all living cells and some viruses. There are three main types of RNA classified on the basis of their function: messenger RNA (mRNA), ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and transfer RNA (tRNA).

Rorschach test

A test in which subjects are shown ink blots and asked to describe what images they perceive. It is said to give insights into personality.

ROS

The abbreviation for reactive oxygen species, such as hydroxy, nitric and superoxide radicals.

S

salivation reflex

The reaction of an animal’s salivary glands to a stimulus (measured in drops of saliva). Normally, the stimulus is the presence of food in the mouth.

satiety

A state of loss of motivation as a result of completing a session of a particular behaviour. For example, after food deprivation an animal might be given food and then achieve a state of satiety as a result of free ingestion.

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