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Addiction and neural ageing
Addiction and neural ageing

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Friday, 1 Jul 2022, 18:53
Site: Open Learning
Course: Addiction and neural ageing (SD805_2)
Glossary: Glossary
D

dizygotic twins

Non-identical twins. Two individuals that develop in one uterus from separately fertilised eggs. Also called fraternal twins.

DNA

Short for deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA is a macromolecule made up of individual units called nucleotides, and is found in all living cells and some viruses. The DNA molecule exists as a complex of two chains in an intertwined double helix. It is the carrier of genetic information that is passed on from generation to generation by replication of the DNA molecule.

dopamine

One of the brain’s neurotransmitters (chemical messengers).

double aspect

The idea that mental events and brain events are two aspects of the same underlying reality.

double dissociation

The situation where a lesion at site A produces a disturbance in function X but not Y, and a lesion at site B produces a disturbance in function Y but not X.

drive

The contribution of internal factors to motivation.

DSM

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (of mental disorder). An American-based reference text; the ‘Bible’ of classification of psychological disorders. DSM I was first published in 1952 and has been updated several times since then. (The number, i.e. I, II, etc., denotes the edition.)

dualism

The idea that brain events and mind events are two distinct categories of existence. According to this, the mind can exist even in the absence of a physical brain.

dysphoria

Negative mood, e.g. depression; the opposite of euphoria. (Adjective: dysphoric.)