Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
Psychiatric Association's formal system for the classification and diagnosis of
psychiatric, mental health and developmental conditions, which includes
criteria for diagnosing autism. The 5th edition, published in 2013, dispensed
with the diagnostic sub-types of autism (e.g. Asperger Syndrome) seen in
earlier versions. The DSM-5 approach to classifying and diagnosing autism treats
it as a continuous spectrum and uses severity scores and specifiers to characterise
each individual’s strengths and weaknesses.