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An approach which some
have misleadingly claimed alleviates or cures autism by eliminating ‘excess
toxins’ from the body. Described by the UK’s National Institution for Clinical
Excellence (NICE) as harmful and to be avoided.
A term describing
interventions which involve following the child's own interests and motivation
as a means of encouraging interaction and learning. (See also adult-directed approaches.)
Structural units in
all living cells, composed of long strands of DNA along which genes are located.
(See also deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and genes.)
The psychological processes involved in thinking, learning, planning and problem-solving, and in the understanding and use of language.
strategies or preferences for thinking and processing information.
A medical term for
the presence of one or more conditions or disorders alongside a primary
condition. In autism, epilepsy is a common co-morbid condition.
The extent to which
the same (or a similar) condition, characteristic or trait is present in both
members of a pair of twins or siblings.
A sequence of items or
entities running along a continuous scale such that differences between items
are gradual rather than abrupt.
A group of
participants in an experiment or other systematic study used as a standard
against which others are measured. This could be a group who do not receive an
intervention, or it could be a group who do not have autism.