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Understanding autism
Understanding autism

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Glossary


Browse the glossary using this index

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B

Bangladesh is a business asset for entrepreneurs with disabilities"

Bangladesh is a developing country. Separate measures need to be taken for the backward communities, especially the disabled. In the present age, people with disabilities should be given job opportunities through training in the field of information and communication technology. So that Bangladesh can move from developing to advanced and go one step further.

People with disabilities have more opportunities to start their own businesses than ever before. Those working with the deaf, blind, paralyzed, or with intellectual disabilities can contact government programs, support nonprofit organizations, organize scholarship and grant bases, and more. These programs increase the chances of success, and give people with disabilities a plan and start their needs. Business planning is the most important element for an enterprise trying to start, whether disabled or not. This plan outlines specific information about potential business, including purpose, cost, demographics, marketing plan, and risk. Not only sound education but his alertness and dedication too are most required.



BAP

See broader autism phenotype.


Behaviour modification

The application of principles of learning and conditioning to influence or improve a person's behaviour, by eradicating “maladaptive behaviours” and promoting the learning of new ones through reinforcement of behaviour. Based on the work of B.F. Skinner, and pioneered in the autism field by Ivar Lovaas.


Biological explanation

This suggests that the causes of a condition are rooted in a person’s biological make-up, that is, their genes and the structure and function of the brain and other components of the nervous system.


Blinding

In experiments and observational studies, this refers to the procedure in which the researcher evaluating the behaviour does not know which participants are in the experimental group and which are in the control group.


Body language

The means by which information about thoughts, feelings or attitudes is communicated non-verbally, either consciously or non-consciously. Includes facial expressions, gesture and posture, as well as the use of space.


Brain imaging

A number of techniques that generate computerised images of the living brain, used to investigate structural and functional characteristics. Includes MRI and fMRI.

Broader Autism Phenotype (BAP)

Milder manifestations of traits characteristic for autism in relatives of people with autism.