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The approach widely
advocated in medicine, clinical psychology and psychiatry emphasising that
interventions and other clinical application must be informed by evidence
obtained in robust research evaluations.
In relation to autism, this refers to an outstanding talent, often in the context of other difficulties. The talent may have appeared in early childhood, without having been taught or without the hours of practice which are regarded as required to develop a skill. (See also Savant talent.)
A way of
systematically gathering evidence, whether about the physical world or about
psychological processes and behaviour. By varying one aspect of the situation,
whilst holding all others constant (as far as possible) the effects of the
change can be measured and a cause-effect relationship established.
Psychological experiments usually involve comparing one group of participants
(the experimental group) against a control group.
Language that a person produces, typically in written or spoken form. Expressive language difficulty means that the person has delay and/or difficulty in producing language. The person's spoken language will be sparse in vocabulary and/or grammatically and syntactically incorrect. The person is likely to have difficulty in putting thoughts into words, and in using language appropriately in different settings. Difficulty with expressive language is common on the autism spectrum, and is often accompanied by receptive language difficulty.
Occurs when two people look at each other’s eyes at the same time, enabling the exchange of social and emotional information, as well as signalling staging in conversation and attention.