Leadership and followership
Leadership and followership

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.


Anonymous (2013) ‘Nelson Mandela: An exemplification of transformational leadership’, Penn State Leadership PSYCH 485 [Blog]. Available at https://sites.psu.edu/ leadership/ 2013/ 07/ 01/ nelson-mandela-an-exemplification-of-transformational-leadership/ [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] (Accessed 13 July 2017).
Bass, B. M. (1985) Leadership and Performance Beyond Expectations, New York, Free Press.
Blake, R. R. and Mouton, J. S. (1985) The Managerial Grid III, Houston, Gulf Publishing Company.
Burns, J. M. (1978) Leadership, New York, Harper & Row.
EY research on ‘The generational management shift’. [Online]. Available at http://www.ey.com/ us/ en/ issues/ talent-management/ talent-survey-members-of-each-generation-perceived-characteristics (Accessed 24 July 2017).
Fell, J. (2014) ‘As Mark Zuckerberg Turns 30, His 10 Best Quotes as CEO.’ Entrepreneur.com [Online] Available at https://www.entrepreneur.com/ article/ 233890 (Accessed 24 July 2017).
Fiedler, F. E. (1964) ‘A contingency model of leadership effectiveness’, Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, vol. 1, pp. 149–90.
Heifetz, R. A. and Laurie, D. L. (1997) ‘The work of leadership’, Harvard Business Review, pp. 124–34 [Online]. Available at https://hbr.org/ 2001/ 12/ the-work-of-leadership (Accessed 12 July 2017).
Hersey, P. and Blanchard, K. H. (1993) Management of Organizational Behaviour: Utilizing Human Resources, 6th edn, Englewood Hills, NJ, Prentice Hall.
House, R. J. (1996) ‘Path-goal theory of leadership: Lessons, legacy, and a reformulated theory’, Leadership Quarterly, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 323–52.
House, R. J., Mitchell, T. R. (1974) ‘Path-goal theory of leadership’, Journal of Contemporary Business, vol. 3, pp. 1–97.
House, R. J., Wright, N. S. and Aditya, R. N. (1997) ‘Cross-cultural research on organizational leadership: A critical analysis and a proposed theory’ in New Perspectives on International Industrial/Organizational Psychology, San Francisco, CA, The New Lexington Press/Jossey-Bass Publishers.
Lewin, K., Lippit, R. and White, R. K. (1939) ‘Patterns of aggressive behavior in experimentally created social climates’, Journal of Social Psychology, vol. 10, pp. 271–301.
Likert, R. (1961) New Patterns of Management, New York, McGraw-Hill.
Likert, R. (1967) The Human Organization: Its Management and Value, New York, McGraw-Hill.
Lord, R. G., DeVader, C. L. and Alliger, G. M. (1986) ‘A meta-analysis of the relationship between personality traits and leadership perceptions: An application of validity generalisation procedures’, Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 71, pp. 402–10.
Mann, R. D. (1959) ‘A review of the relationships between personality and performance in small groups’, Psychological Bulletin, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 241–70.
Mayer, J. D. and Salovey, P. (1990) ‘Emotional intelligence’, US: Baywood Publishing Co., Inc. [Online]. Available at http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/ viewdoc/ download?doi= (Accessed 13 July 2017).
Northouse, P. G. (2016) ‘Chapter 11: Adaptive leadership’, in Leadership Theory and Practice, 7th edn, California, SAGE Publications Ltd.
Ray, J. S. (2011) ‘Facebook: a case study of strategic leadership’, SSRN Electronic Journal [Online]. Available at https://www.researchgate.net/ publication/ 256024234_Facebook_A_Case_Study_of_Strategic_Leadership (Accessed 13 July 2017).
Schoemaker, P. J. H., Krupp, S. and Howland, S. (2013) ‘Strategic leadership: the essential skills’, Harvard Business Review [Online]. Available at https://hbr.org/ 2013/ 01/ strategic-leadership-the-esssential-skills (Accessed 13 July 2017).
Stogdill, R. M. (1974) Handbook of Leadership: A Survey of Theory and Research, New York, Free Press.
Stogdill R. M. (1963) Manual for the Leader Behaviour Description Questionnaire form XII, Columbus, Ohio State University, Bureau of Business Research.

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to University-level study, we offer two introductory routes to our qualifications. You could either choose to start with an Access module, or a module which allows you to count your previous learning towards an Open University qualification. Read our guide on Where to take your learning next for more information.

Not ready for formal University study? Then browse over 1000 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus371