Management: perspective and practice
Management: perspective and practice

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.

Free course

Management: perspective and practice

3.5 Types of organisational culture

Over the last few decades there have been numerous attempts made by researchers to identify predominant types of organisational culture. The idea of culture, as the discussion thus far shows, is extremely complex, but this has not deterred writers from offering their perspectives. Looking at these models offers another way of understanding culture by distinguishing it according to recurring types. You must remember that all models are simplifications, and many of the more popular models of culture are extreme simplifications designed to be neatly placed within a particular type. Some focus on one or more dimensions of the idea of culture, others identify a small number of differing cultures and label and describe these. Two ways of categorising organisational cultures, and one approach to categorising national cultures, will be examined below. Before proceeding to these models, however, it is perhaps worth considering some of the perceived benefits of classifying cultures. For Gabriel (1999):

The first of these is that by being able to classify culture, a relationship or connection to other crucial organizational variables such as leadership style, structure and performance could be found which could be beneficial to you as a manager. Secondly, this might enable you to make a number of generalizations about the work experiences of those working in each type of culture, such as job satisfaction, career prospects or prevalent emotions.

(Source: Gabriel, 1999, p. 203)
B716_2

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to University-level study, we offer two introductory routes to our qualifications. You could either choose to start with an Access module, or a module which allows you to count your previous learning towards an Open University qualification. Read our guide on Where to take your learning next for more information.

Not ready for formal University study? Then browse over 1000 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus371