Business organisations and their environments: Culture
Business organisations and their environments: Culture

This free course is available to start right now. Review the full course description and key learning outcomes and create an account and enrol if you want a free statement of participation.

Free course

Business organisations and their environments: Culture


de Mooj, M. (2003) ‘Convergence and divergence in consumer behaviour: implications for global advertising’, International Journal of Advertising, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 183–202.
Hofstede, G. (c. 2007a) ‘A summary of my ideas about organizational cultures’ Geert Hofstede's Homepage [online] (accessed 15 December 2007).
Hofstede, G. (c. 2007b) Geert Hofstede™ Cultural Dimensions [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] , (accessed 14 May 2008).
Hofstede, G. J. (2007) Gert Jan Hofstede's (accessed 14 May 2008).
Hofstede, G (1980) ‘Motivation, Leadership and Organization: Do American Theories Apply Abroad: From Organizational Dynamics, summer 1980’, pp. 42-63, reprinted in Organization Theory Selected Classic Readings, edited by Derek S Pugh, fifth edition, Penguin Books, 2007. Copyright © Geert Hofstede BV.
McSweeney, B. (2002) ‘Hofstede's model of national cultural differences and their consequences: a triumph of faith – a failure of analysis’, Human Relations, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 89–118.
Morrison, J. (2002) The International Business Environment, Basingstoke, Palgrave.
Pugh, D. S. and Hickson, D. J. (2007) Writers on Organizations, pp. 88-94, 'Geert Hofstede' and pp. 170-71, 'Edgae H Schein', published by Penguin Books, 2007.
Pugh, D. S. (2007) Organisation Theory, London, Penguin Books.
Trompenaars Hampden-Turner (c. 2007) The three layers of culture, Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner's web pages [online], (accessed 14 May 2008).
Williamson, D. (2002) ‘Forward from a critique of Hofstede's model of national culture’, Human Relations, vol. 55, no. 11, pp. 1373–95.

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to university level study, find out more about the types of qualifications we offer, including our entry level Access courses and Certificates.

Not ready for University study then browse over 900 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus