Skip to main content

About this free course

Become an OU student

Download this course

Share this free course

Future energy demand and supply
Future energy demand and supply

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.


Course image: sharkhats [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] in Flickr made available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence.

The content acknowledged below is Proprietary, used under licence and not subject to Creative Commons licensing. See Terms and Conditions.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following:

Figure 2: BP (2001) Statistical Review of World Energy 2001,

Figure 3: BP (2002) Statistical Review of World Energy 2002,

Figure 4: Laherrère, Jean, Forecasting Future Production for Past Discovery, OPEC Seminar, 28 September 2001. Courtesy of the author

Figure 5: Mining, in The Guardian, 14 August 1993, with additional data adapted from Department of Trade and Industry

Figures 7a and 7b: Copyright © 1996-2005 by James L. Williams

Figures 8, 9 and 13: The World Energy Council, London, UK

Figure 10: Exploring the Future Energy Needs, Choices and Possibilities: Scenarios to 2050, Global Business Environment, © Shell International 2001

Figure 12: The World Meteorological Organisation

Figure 14: Pearce, F. (1987) 'Acid rain' in New Scientist, 116(1585), 5 November 1987, © IPC Magazines, 1987

Figure 17: Courtesy of Sasol Ltd

Figure 21: Martin Bond/Science Photo Library

Figure 22: Department of Transport, Local Government and Regions (DTLR) 2001, Transport statistics, Great Britain (27th edn), Crown copyright material is reproduced under Class Licence Number C01W00000 with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland

All other material contained within this course originated at the Open University

This resource was created by the Open University and released in OpenLearn as part of the 'C-change in GEES' project exploring the open licensing of climate change and sustainability resources in the Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences. The C-change in GEES project was funded by HEFCE as part of the JISC/HE Academy UKOER programme and coordinated by the GEES Subject Centre.

Don't miss out:

If reading this text has inspired you to learn more, you may be interested in joining the millions of people who discover our free learning resources and qualifications by visiting The Open University - openlearn/ free-courses