Sustainable Scotland
Sustainable Scotland

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.

Free course

Sustainable Scotland

3.1 Globalisation and nationalism

Often globalisation is viewed as a challenge to the nations, to states and to forms of activity on a local scale. However, the emergence of global institutions like the United Nations, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund has coincided with an increase in the number of independent nation states. It seems the rise in global social, cultural, political and economic processes increased the interest in, and exploration of, nations and nationalism. Even where nations (groups that claim a common identity) do seek to become states (form self-determined governments) there is an increased awareness and recognition of nations and nationalism (Hobsbawm, 2000).

Some commentators argue that nationalism and an increasing interest in folk cultures is a reaction to globalisation. Economic and political globalisation threatens nations and states, while the globalisation of culture is seen as threatening local indigenous cultures. It is clear that the dominance of our minority world social, cultural, political and economic structures is a threat to national economies and local cultures. For example, the threat that English (and other languages associated with economic and cultural dominance) has on indigenous languages. However, it is not clear whether our interest in nationalism and local cultures is a reaction to globalisation, or actually part and parcel of globalisation. For example, the globalisation of food markets is seen as a direct challenge to local food markets where the import of cheaper food undermines the market for local produce.


Take your learning further371

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses372.

If you are new to university level study, we offer two introductory routes to our qualifications. Find out Where to take your learning next?373 You could either choose to start with an Access courses374or an open box module, which allows you to count your previous learning towards an Open University qualification.

Not ready for University study then browse over 1000 free courses on OpenLearn375 and sign up to our newsletter376 to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus371