Logframe planning
Logframe planning

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.

Free course

Logframe planning

4.5 Formulating indicators (iv)

Figure 14 Qualitative change
Figure 14 Qualitative change

Your indicator of local employment indicates a qualitative change that you expect your project to bring about: the forest provides employment for local people; previously it did not.

To formulate this indicator as a target, you need to incorporate the answers to two further questions. These add dimensions of quantity and time to your qualitative indicator. These three aspects together are sometimes referred to as 'QQT' - quality, quantity and time.

In answering the question 'how many?' you can either use absolute numbers, or percentages. The answer to the question 'by when?' is very often 'by the end of the project'. However, if you have a reason for wanting to meet specific targets before the end of the project, you can specify this. For example: 'by the end of the second year of the project'.

Here is one possible version of this indicator, which illustrates the use of absolute numbers and percentages to answer the question 'how many?'.

Note the indicator refers to 'a variety of forest-based activities'. Since the purpose refers to management for production, recreation and wildlife conservation, you would hope to see evidence of employment creation in all three sectors.

The means of verification is identified as 'project reports', since one would expect project staff to keep an accurate record of this.

Skip Your course resources

Take your learning further371

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses372.

If you are new to university level study, we offer two introductory routes to our qualifications. Find out Where to take your learning next?373 You could either choose to start with an Access courses374or an open box module, which allows you to count your previous learning towards an Open University qualification.

Not ready for University study then browse over 1000 free courses on OpenLearn375 and sign up to our newsletter376 to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus371