Free course

Understanding antibiotic resistance


Browse the glossary using this index

Special | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | ALL

Page:  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  ...  15  (Next)



The process of becoming more acidic.

acquired resistance

Resistance to an antibiotic to which a bacterium is innately susceptible. It occurs when a bacterium acquires the ability to resist the actions of a particular antibiotic through either genetic mutation or horizontal gene transfer.

amino acid

The individual unit from which proteins are constructed.

aminoglycoside antibiotics

A class of antibiotics containing an amino sugar that targets protein synthesis, e.g. streptomycin.

amino sugar

A sugar molecule in which a hydroxyl (-OH) group is replaced by an amine (-NH2) group.


Substances that interfere with a physiological process.

antibiotic pipeline

Novel antibiotics that are newly discovered or in the development phase before being approved for clinical use.

antibiotic prophylaxis

The use of antibiotics as a precaution to prevent, rather than treat, an infection.

antibiotic resistance

The ability of bacteria to resist the action of antibiotics so that they survive exposure to antibiotics that would normally kill them or stop their growth.


Proteins found in blood that are produced as an immune defence against foreign agents.

Page:  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  ...  15  (Next)


Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to University-level study, we offer two introductory routes to our qualifications. You could either choose to start with an Access module, or a module which allows you to count your previous learning towards an Open University qualification. Read our guide on Where to take your learning next for more information.

Not ready for formal University study? Then browse over 1000 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus371