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Understanding antibiotic resistance

Glossary


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A

acidification

The process of becoming more acidic.
Permalink: acidification

acquired resistance

Resistance to an antibiotic to which a bacterium is innately susceptible. It occurs when a bacterium acquires the ability to resist the actions of a particular antibiotic through either genetic mutation or horizontal gene transfer.
Permalink: acquired resistance

amino acid

The individual unit from which proteins are constructed.

Permalink: amino acid

aminoglycoside antibiotics

A class of antibiotics containing an amino sugar that targets protein synthesis, e.g. streptomycin.

Permalink: aminoglycoside antibiotics

amino sugar

A sugar molecule in which a hydroxyl (-OH) group is replaced by an amine (-NH2) group.
Permalink: amino sugar

antagonists

Substances that interfere with a physiological process.
Permalink: antagonists

antibiotic pipeline

Novel antibiotics that are newly discovered or in the development phase before being approved for clinical use.
Permalink: antibiotic pipeline

antibiotic prophylaxis

The use of antibiotics as a precaution to prevent, rather than treat, an infection.
Permalink: antibiotic prophylaxis

antibiotic resistance

The ability of bacteria to resist the action of antibiotics so that they survive exposure to antibiotics that would normally kill them or stop their growth.

Permalink: antibiotic resistance

antibodies

Proteins found in blood that are produced as an immune defence against foreign agents.
Permalink: antibodies


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