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The process of becoming more acidic.
Resistance to an antibiotic to which a bacterium is innately susceptible. It occurs when a bacterium acquires the ability to resist the actions of a particular antibiotic through either genetic mutation or horizontal gene transfer.
The individual unit from which proteins are constructed.
A sugar molecule in which a hydroxyl (-OH) group is replaced by an amine (-NH2) group.
Substances that interfere with a physiological process.
Novel antibiotics that are newly discovered or in the development phase before being approved for clinical use.
The use of antibiotics as a precaution to prevent, rather than treat, an infection.
The ability of bacteria to resist the action of antibiotics so that they survive exposure to antibiotics that would normally kill them or stop their growth.
Proteins found in blood that are produced as an immune defence against foreign agents.