Starting with law: An overview of the law
Starting with law: An overview of the law

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Starting with law: An overview of the law

Y166 Glossary


Glossary for Y166 Starting with law

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R

Ratio decidendi

This is a Latin phrase meaning ‘the reason for the decision’. It is used to refer to the legal grounds upon which a court’s decision was based.

Regulations

The definition of this term depends on the context in which it is used. In this course book the term is used in the context of the European Union (EU).

Regulations are a form of law created by the EU. They have direct effect in all member states of the EU. This means that in England, for example, if the EU passes a regulation, there is no need for the UK Parliament to pass a new law to implement the regulation. The regulation has direct effect (i.e. it immediately comes into force).


Remedy

This describes an outcome sought by means of court proceedings. The term is usually used in civil cases; for example, in contract law the remedy sought for breach of contract may be damages. In tort this may take the form of an injunction, which is an order stopping the defendant from doing something, e.g. from contacting someone.

Retires

In a legal context, this is when a jury leaves the courtroom to consider its verdict.

S

Subordinate legislation

This is legislation made by a person or body to whom Parliament, using an Act of Parliament, has given the power to make laws. There are three main forms of subordinate legislation: statutory instruments, by-laws and orders in council.

T

Tribunal

This is a body that hears and rules on disputes in relation to specific legal issues, such as employment, asylum, immigration and education. Tribunals operate parallel to but outside the court system.


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