Glossary for Y166 Starting with law
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This is concerned with regulating relationships and solving disputes between private individuals and businesses. There are many branches of private law, including contract law, law of tort and family law.
This is a Latin phrase meaning ‘the reason for the decision’. It is used to refer to the legal grounds upon which a court’s decision was based.
The definition of this term depends on the context in which it is used. In this course book the term is used in the context of the European Union (EU).
Regulations are a form of law created by the EU. They have direct effect in all member states of the EU. This means that in England, for example, if the EU passes a regulation, there is no need for the UK Parliament to pass a new law to implement the regulation. The regulation has direct effect (i.e. it immediately comes into force).
In a legal context, this is when a jury leaves the courtroom to consider its verdict.
This is a body that hears and rules on disputes in relation to specific legal issues, such as employment, asylum, immigration and education. Tribunals operate parallel to but outside the court system.