Youth justice in the UK: children, young people and crime
Youth justice in the UK: children, young people and crime

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Youth justice in the UK: children, young people and crime

4 New generations, new voices

In the early 1980s, there were relatively few academics from black and minority ethnic backgrounds writing about young people and crime. If you were young and black and in trouble, you were more likely to be written about and studied ‘as a social problem’ by white academics. Paul Gilroy’s (1987) landmark study ‘Ain’t no Black in the Union Jack’ focused on racism and nationalism rather than young people or crime, but it begins with how the issue was raised at the start of the twentieth century by the black American sociologist W.E.B. Du Bois (pronounced so it rhymes with ‘noise’). Du Bois said that wherever he went he encountered white people with a question on their lips:

Between me and the other world there is ever an unasked question: unasked by some through feelings of delicacy; by others through the difficulty of rightly framing it. All, nevertheless, flutter round it. They approach me in a half-hesitant sort of way, eye me curiously or compassionately, and then, instead of saying directly, How does it feel to be a problem? they say, I know an excellent colored man in my town; … or, Do not these Southern outrages make your blood boil? At these I smile, or am interested, or reduce the boiling to a simmer, as the occasion may require. To the real question, How does it feel to be a problem? I answer seldom a word.

(Du Bois, 1903)

Black and minority ethnic academics in the UK like Kehinde Andrews, Claire Alexander, David Olusoga, Coretta Phillips, Monish Bhatia, Anthony Gunter, Yasmin Gunaratnam, Craig Pinkney and Waqas Tufail, to name just a few, are now making sure that Du Bois’s question is both asked and challenged. In the next activity you can see some of it in action.

Activity 5 Speaking youth to justice

Timing: Allow approximately 10 minutes for this activity

In this video Craig Pinkney talks about his ideas of using youth work to tackle some of the issues facing young people in the West Midlands.

Download this video clip.Video player: Video 2
Skip transcript: Video 2

Transcript: Video 2

My name is Craig Pinkney. I'm a criminologist, urban youth specialist, and lecturer at a local university in Birmingham. In recent times, the West Midlands has experienced a rise in gun crime and gang-related murders.
My article, "On Road Youth Work," essentially, is a theoretical concept that looks at street-based youth work that operates outside traditional hours. Hours of 9 till 5 or 9 till 6, where workers might do centre-based work- that might do detach work or outreach work engaging with young people.
But "On Road Youth Work" looks at what happens outside of those hours, at 9 till 10, at 9 till 12, at 1 till 2 in the morning, when individuals might be engaged in certain types of behaviours will also require help and assistance. That help and assistance- that is not always founded by law enforcement that individuals might need support from a youth worker.
So this particular article focuses on some of the challenges from frontline youth workers that work in the field or work in the community that experience issues of violence and how they respond to those issues and highlighting what are some of the key things that an individual needs to be able to respond effectively to individuals that are going through, engaged in, or trying to desist or get out of that type of behaviour.
So if you'd like to read more about this particular article, click the link below.
End transcript: Video 2
Video 2
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The link referred to at the end of the video is this: ‘On Road’ Youth Work: Inside England’s gun crime capital [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] .

When you’ve watched the video, complete the following sentence:

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Pinkney describes how street-based youth work tends to be confined to day time or early evening work, based in certain centres. In contrast, his ‘on road’ approach attempts to offer services to young people around the times they are most likely to come into conflict with the law or be drawn into illegal and harmful behaviour, which is not always within office hours.


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