Gamified Intelligent Cyber Aptitude and Skills Training (GICAST)
Gamified Intelligent Cyber Aptitude and Skills Training (GICAST)

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.

Free course

Gamified Intelligent Cyber Aptitude and Skills Training (GICAST)

1 Viruses

Described image
Figure _unit4.2.1 Figure 1

The best-known type of malware is probably the virus; although many pieces of malware are called viruses, they are nothing of the sort.

A virus is a piece of software that has been written to insert copies of itself into applications and data and onto crucial parts of a computer’s hard disk. Viruses are said to be self-replicating programs and date back as far as the early 1970s, but they only became well known with the advent of microcomputers and later, the internet.

Viruses attach themselves to specific applications on a computer and are activated when the program is first run. At that point, the virus may make a copy of itself on the hard disk and continue to run, or it may only run each time the application is used. Early viruses, relying on floppy disks for transmission, spread quickly as infected data disks were shared around an office, or pirated software was passed around a playground. Nowadays, viruses rely on devices such as flash memory cards or are transmitted through internet connections.

Although some viruses are not intended to cause harm, the majority of these programs are designed to harm users, by corrupting their data or attacking the operating system itself or providing an exploitable ‘back door’, giving attackers access to the computer. Even where no harm is intended, viruses consume memory, disk space and processing power.

CYBER_B2

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to University-level study, we offer two introductory routes to our qualifications. You could either choose to start with an Access module, or a module which allows you to count your previous learning towards an Open University qualification. Read our guide on Where to take your learning next for more information.

Not ready for formal University study? Then browse over 1000 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus371