In the top section, you have several ‘actions’ available under the headings of mitigation, geoengineering and adaptation.
- This is about working out how to decrease human-caused greenhouse gas emissions.
- The default value for greenhouse gases is equivalent to RCP8.5 in the year 2100.
There are seven possible methods at your disposal:
- Solar Radiation Management:
- Solar shield, as area of shield in kilometres squared
- Bright cities, as percentage area of the Earth’s surface covered in perfectly reflective material
- Sulfate aerosols, in amount per year
- Marine cloud brightening, in percentage area of the Earth’s surface covered (maximum is 40%)
- Carbon Dioxide Removal:
- BECCS (maximum removal is 190 ppm)
- Ocean fertilisation through iron addition (maximum removal is 30 ppm)
- Afforestation with biochar (maximum removal is 70 ppm).
- This section is about decreasing our vulnerability to climate change. This does not affect climate or other species.
- This variable expresses the increase in our adaptation from current levels (maximum is 50%, as it is impossible to adapt perfectly to all extreme weather).
- Some examples of adaptation are building sea defences or improving the resilience of people and infrastructure in developing countries to extreme weather.