Getting started with French 3
Getting started with French 3

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Getting started with French 3

3 Giving instructions using devoir and il faut

In this section you will learn how to give instructions using devoir and il faut.

Activity 6

Part 1

Listen to the recording below, which has been repeated from the previous section.

From the context, can you work out the meaning of the following new verbs?

  1. remontez
  2. traversez
  3. passer devant
  4. contourner
Download this audio clip.Audio player: lxf003_wk2_act_aud007.mp3
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Transcript

1. Alors euh, voyons. Nous sommes ici, place du Général de Gaulle. Vous remontez la rue Carnot ici, en face, au bout de la rue vous tournez à droite dans le boulevard du Général Koenig, puis vous tournez à gauche dans l’avenue Victor Hugo, vous traversez le cours du 15 Août, et c’est juste devant vous.
2. Euh, oui, c’est tout près. Ici, prenez la rue de la République en face de vous, et continuez jusqu’à la place de la République, et c’est juste en face, au coin de l’avenue Émile Zola.
3. Eh bien, c’est un peu loin. Alors hum… , il faut passer devant l’Hôtel de Ville, là juste derrière, il faut traverser la place de la Halle et couper par le boulevard Anatole France, puis vous devez tourner à gauche dans l’avenue du 14 Juillet, et c’est sur votre droite derrière le quai de Tourny.
4. Oui, alors vous devez contourner l’Église Saint-Martin, prendre la rue du Docteur Massénat, puis tournez dans la première rue à droite, c’est tout de suite sur votre gauche à côté de l’école de musique.
End transcript
 
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Discussion

  1. remontez: go (back) up
  2. traversez: cross
  3. passer devant: pass in front of
  4. contourner: go around

Part 2

Read the transcript of the recording and try to identify two ways of giving directions that you haven’t yet encountered.

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Discussion

  • Dialogue 3: il faut (passer); il faut (traverser); vous devez (tourner).
  • Dialogue 4: vous devez (contourner).

You saw earlier this week that you could use the present tense and the imperative to give instructions. Here are two other ways of giving instructions:

  • vous devez + verb in the infinitive

    Vous devez tourner à gauche. You must turn left.

    Vous devez contourner l’église. You must go round the church.

  • il faut + verb in the infinitive

    Il faut passer devant l’hôtel de ville. You must walk past the town hall.

    Il faut traverser la place. You must cross the square.

Note that devez comes from the verb devoir. Faut comes from falloir, a verb you will only ever meet in the third-person singular (il faut in the present tense). The il does not represent any individual person. It is impersonal.

Activity 7

Part 1

Read the following instructions, which contain factual errors. Then look at the map and provide the correct directions.

Described image
Figure 2 (repeated) Map of Brive-la-Gaillarde town centre

Exemple

Pour aller à la gare, prenez la rue Gambetta. (il faut)

→ Non, pour aller à la gare, il faut prendre la rue de l’Hôtel de Ville.

Pour aller à la salle Georges Brassens, passez devant le cinéma. (vous devez)

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Discussion

Non, pour aller à la salle Georges Brassens, vous devez passer devant le théâtre.

Pour aller à l’hôpital, continuez tout droit dans l’avenue du 14 Juillet. (il faut)

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Discussion

Non, pour aller à l’hôpital, il faut continuer tout droit dans l’avenue de Paris.

Pour aller au lycée d’Arsonval, vous traversez le boulevard Jules Ferry. (vous devez)

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Discussion

Non, pour aller au lycée d’Arsonval, vous devez traverser le boulevard du Général Koenig.

Part 2

Imagine you work at the tourist office in Brive-la-Gaillarde. Listen to the recordings given below and then, using the map of Brive-la-Gaillarde, give directions to the tourists, following the prompts. Use il faut + infinitive or vous devez + infinitive.

Exemple

(You hear) Bonjour, pour aller au musée Labenche, s’il vous plaît ?

(You hear) (turn left avenue du 14 Juillet – continue straight on – turn right Dr Massénat – Turn first left – the museum – left)

(You say) Pour aller au musée Labenche, vous devez tourner à gauche dans l’avenue du 14 Juillet, vous devez continuer tout droit, puis il faut tourner à droite dans la rue du Docteur Massénat et il faut prendre la première à gauche et le musée est sur votre gauche.

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Discussion

Listen again to the models to check your answers.

Box 2 Names of streets

Street names in France and other French-speaking countries often commemorate famous people and historical events. In most French towns, you will find, for instance, rue/avenue/place/boulevard du Général de Gaulle or de la République or du 14 Juillet (anniversary of the storming of the Bastille, which started the French Revolution).

In France, street names often appear in white letters on a dark blue background. Signs also tend to be located high up, fixed to a wall or on a post.

LXF003_1

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