Getting started on ancient Greek
Getting started on ancient Greek

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.

Free course

Getting started on ancient Greek

1 Subject and object: recap

Before introducing complements, let us review subjects and objects.

Activity 1 Complete the sentence

Timing: Allow about 5 minutes

Which word or phrase could complete the following sentence?

ἡ Ἀφροδίτη φιλεῖ __________

  • Vocabulary
  • Ἀφροδίτη, -ης, ἡ      Aphrodite
  • φιλεῖ            loves (from φιλέω, I love)
  • κόρη, -ης, ἡ        girl
  • Ξάνθιππος, -ου, ὁ   Xanthippos

a. 

τὴν κόρην


b. 

ἡ κόρη


c. 

τὸν Ξανθίππον


d. 

[a noun in the accusative case]


e. 

[a noun in the nominative case]


The correct answers are a, c and d.

Discussion

The sentence starts with a noun in the nominative case, ἡ Ἀφροδίτη. The nominative case ending shows that Aphrodite is the subject. The sentence continues with a verb (φιλεῖ), showing what Aphrodite is doing. The meaning of the verb prompts a question: ‘who or what does Aphrodite love?’, which raises the expectation of an object. A noun in the accusative case would satisfy this expectation and complete the sentence.

GCG_1

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to University-level study, we offer two introductory routes to our qualifications. You could either choose to start with an Access module, or a module which allows you to count your previous learning towards an Open University qualification. Read our guide on Where to take your learning next for more information.

Not ready for formal University study? Then browse over 1000 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus371