2.5 The benefits of social capital
Activity 2.4: Social capital
Watch this social capital is. The context is a US one – but you should be able to identify many parallels with day-to-day life in the UK., which explains what
- What benefits arose from this man's social capital?
- What other benefits can you identify from high levels of social capital?
Use your learning log to note down your ideas.
The man in the cartoon used his social networks to sort out a problem (his flooded basement). He also extended those networks, so generating greater social capital by connecting with someone new in his community. The outcome (or result) of this was that he heard about an employment opportunity.
There are many other possible benefits of social capital. Robert Putnam, a political scientist from the USA, has been enthusiastic about the benefits of social capital for many years. He argues that the amount of social capital present in a community can be measured by the degree of connectedness there is, or the number of networks that exist. Drawing on data gathered in the USA for more than 25 years, Putnam mapped different indicators of social capital (formal and informal connectedness), and identified the extent of social capital present in each state. He was then able to claim that:
- states where people are more connected with each other are marked by greater tolerance
- happiness increases with both the individual’s own and their state’s measure of social capital
- violent crime is rarer in high social capital states
- health is better in high social capital states
- social capital and economic equality go together.