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Part (a) is a photo showing a flock of white storks taking off from the water. These are large birds with plumage that is mainly white on the body, but mostly black on the wings. They have long red legs and long pointed red beaks. Part (b) of this figure is a simplified map showing a number of migration routes of white storks, with the breeding ranges and wintering grounds shown in green and orange respectively. There is a large breeding range extending over eastern and southern Europe from which there is mostly migration to areas in eastern and southern Africa. Migrations to wintering grounds in central and western Africa are mainly from breeding ranges in Spain and the far northwestern strip of Africa. A further migration route runs from a breeding range in Central Asia to wintering grounds in northwest India.

 2 Bird migration