English: skills for learning
English: skills for learning

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.

Free course

English: skills for learning

4.2 Using another word of the same word family

In some cases, it is possible to paraphrase a text by replacing the original word with a word that is part of the same word family. Words are members of the same family if their form is very similar and their meanings are related.

If you look up the word able in the dictionary, for example in Dictionary.com [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] , you will find that the following words are part of the family of the word able:

  • able, ability, enable, unable

An important difference between these words is the role they play in a sentence. For example, ability describes a thing and enable describes an action. Able can be used to describe something or somebody (an able student) while unable is mostly used to describe a person or a thing that cannot do something (unable to move).

Knowing all the words that are part of the word family of able allows you to replace the phrase:

  • are able to reproduce

with:

  • ability to reproduce

Similarly, resemble can be replaced with resemblance, identify with identification and reproduce with reproduction.

When you use a word of the same family, you will need to reorganise the original text.

SWE_1

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to University-level study, we offer two introductory routes to our qualifications. You could either choose to start with an Access module, or a module which allows you to count your previous learning towards an Open University qualification. Read our guide on Where to take your learning next for more information.

Not ready for formal University study? Then browse over 1000 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus371