Skip to main content

This figure consists of two images. The first is a black and white reproduction of a painting of the third Ming Emperor Zhu Di, drawn in traditional Chinese style, showing head and shoulders. The Emperor is shown wearing a simple hat and white cloth garment. He has a trimmed beard and moustache.

The second image is a black and white drawing contrasting Chinese and European maritime design at the time of Zhu Di’s reign. A scale from 0 metres to 135 metres is shown along the bottom of the drawing, with a Chinese and a European ship shown above. The Chinese ship measures 135 metres on this scale and has seven sails. The European ship measures 20 metres on this scale and has three sails.

 1.3 China’s Past