The First World War: trauma and memory
The First World War: trauma and memory

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The First World War: trauma and memory


This free course was written by Annika Mombauer and Vincent Trott. It was first published in October 2018.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] ), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence.

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this free course:


Figure 1 National Library of Scotland (Public domain

Figure 2 Photograph: Horace Nicolls (Public domain)

Figure 3 Poem by Wilfrid Owen and Photograph in Public domain

Figure 4 This item is from The First World War Poetry Digital Archive, University of Oxford (; © University of Oxford

Figure 5 Central Press/Stringer/Getty Images

Figure 6 Photograph: © Nick Sculpture by Kathe Kollwitz

Figure 7 Nie Wieder Krieg (Never Again War), 1924 - sketch by Käthe Kollwitz

Figure 8 © Imperial War Museum.IWM ART 518,

Figure 9 THE MATCH SELLER, 1920 by Otto Dix © DACS 2014

Figure 10 THE WOUNDED MAN (Autumn 1916, Bapaume),1924 by Otto Dix © DACS 2014

Figure 11 MEALTIME IN THE TRENCH (Loretto Heights), Otto Dix, 1924 © DACS 2014

Figure 12 FLANDERS, Otto Dix, 1936 © DACS 2014

Figure 13 Photograph by George Charles Beresford (Pubic domain)

Figure 14 Left: Siegfried Sassoon reading, Cambridge University Library/The Siegfried Sassoon Literary Estate via First World War Poetry Digital Archive, accessed September 27, 2016, Right: This item is from The First World War Poetry Digital Archive, University of Oxford (; © University of Oxford

Figure 15 © Brideshead

Figure 16 National Archives at College Park - Still Pictures (RDSS) Public Domain

Figure 17 © Rolls Press/Popperfoton/Getty Images

Figure 18 © unknown

Figure 19 © photograph: Aurelien Guichard in Flickr


3.1.3: passage from Testament of Youth (Brittain) BBC for The Open University © BBC

3.2.2: Fiona Reid: Shell shock © The Open University


Extract from: Brittain, V. (2004 [1933]) Testament of Youth, London, Penguin, pp 437–9.

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

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