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Same as Figure 1, with some additions. Four boxes connect to each other in a rectangular formation. The top box represents ‘Preparing’. This links to a box on the right, which represents ‘Exploring’. This links to a box on the bottom, which represents ‘Implementing’. The ‘Implementing’ box links to the final box, placed on the left, which represents ‘Reviewing’. The ‘Reviewing’ box links back to the first box, which represents ‘Preparing’. The additions are: Around the outer edges of the original diagram, there is a rectangular box containing four additional titles. Along the top, the title reads ‘Reflection for action’. On the right hand side, the title reads ‘Reflection in action’. Along the bottom, the title reads ‘Reflection in action’. And, along the left hand side, the title reads, ‘Reflection on action’.

 9.1 Reflection and the four main phases of learning how to learn