This free course was written by Andy Lane.
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Figures 3(a) and (b): adapted from Winter, M.C. (2002) Management, Managing and Managing Projects: Towards an Extended Soft Systems Methodology, PhD Thesis, University of Lancaster, UK, pp. 67 and 83.
Table 1: adapted from: Ulrich, W. (1983) Critical Heuristics of Social Planning: A New Approach to Practical Philosophy, Stuttgart, Chichester; Haupt, John Wiley, pp. 245–50.
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