1.1 BSI smart city standards
The BSI has a suite of smart city standards and publications, which can be categorised into two types. A PAS (publicly available specification) is ‘a consensus based standardization document, which can be initiated by any organization in collaboration with BSI’ (BSI, 2015b).
The PAS documents shown below were initiated in collaboration with BIS. These documents respond to the emerging needs of the smart cities sector using a collaborative process of knowledge sharing and consensus building around the correct solutions. With a PD (published document) it is not necessary to have the same degree of public consultation and consensus: ‘In many cases they are provisional, and subject to further development on the basis of experience gained during the first year or two of their use’ (BSI, 2015c).
This standard provides city terms and definitions to be used in the UK. Vocabulary helps to improve communication and understanding of smart cities by providing a common language.
This establishes a good practice framework for city leaders to develop, agree and deliver smart city strategies that can help transform their city’s ability to meet its future challenges and deliver its future aspirations. The guide is not intended to describe a one-size-fits-all model for the future of UK cities but focuses on the enabling processes by which the innovative use of technology and data, together with organisational change, can help deliver the diverse visions for future UK cities in more efficient, effective and sustainable ways. Central to the smart cities framework (SCF) is a strong emphasis on leadership and governance, culture, business model innovation, and the active role played by all stakeholders in the creation, delivery and use of city spaces and services.
This guide to establishing a model for data tackles the barriers to implementing smart city concepts, including the interoperability of systems and data sharing between agencies. The standard establishes an interoperability framework in which information can be shared and understood. It is aimed at organisations that provide services to communities in cities, and manage the resulting data, as well as decision-makers and policy developers in cities.
This guide provides guidance on establishing a decision-making framework for sharing data and information services in smart cities. It is aimed at decision-makers in smart cities from the public, private and third sectors. It will also be of interest to any city organisations wishing to share data.
This provides practical guidance on how to develop project proposals for smart city solutions, using case studies to illustrate good practice in smart city procurement. The content reflects current good practice as identified by a broad range of public, private and voluntary sector practitioners engaged in developing smart city solutions.
This provides a simple and accessible guide for smart city practitioners. It is designed to help them find the standards that are relevant to what they are doing and includes illustrations to help with the readability and impact of the text. It is also rigorous enough to be used by standards professionals in providing a high-level draft of a reference architecture for smart cities.
This gives guidance on what is needed to plan for any new development to support the smart city plans for a given area. It provides an overview of the key issues to be considered, as well as more detailed guidance on issues identified as priorities. It is intended for use by local government planning and regeneration officers to identify good practice in a UK context, and to recommend the tools they could use to implement this good practice.
In December 2013 BSI signed a new agreement with China’s national standards body, the Standardization Administration of China (SAC) that allows China to adopt UK standards, the ‘first such agreement made by China with any other country’ (Ingenia, 2014).