1 The impact of change
Change is all around us, from global and political transformation to changing attitudes and ways of living. Before you look at how change might impact on leadership in the future, take a moment to focus on how leaders are experiencing it now.
Activity 1 How has leadership changed?
Watch the following video, ‘The future of leadership’, to find out how some current leaders are experiencing changes in their leadership:
In the space below, summarise the key themes discussed by the leaders in the video.
Have you observed similar changes in your workplace? Are you surprised by any of the comments?
These leaders are discussing changes they have already seen taking place. Their reviews reflect many of the themes you’ve touched on already during this course, for example, the need to empower people, communicate a clear vision, be self-aware etc. Although they don’t mention followers by name, they clearly allude to a different relationship between leaders and their teams.
In his MG Thinkers 50 blog, leadership expert Marshall Goldsmith (2014) quotes some findings from multi-country research undertaken by Accenture Consulting and the Alliance for Strategic Leadership, outlining five ‘must haves’ for future leadership. Rather than interviewing today’s leaders, the research focused on the views of the leaders of tomorrow, and this is what they came up with:
- Thinking globally
- Appreciating cultural diversity
- Demonstrating technological savvy
- Building partnerships
- Sharing leadership
You’ll look at some of these points later this week, but first you’ll focus on the impact that the values and attitudes of future generations of workers might have on leadership.
In Week 2, you looked briefly at some key characteristics of different generations, from the so-called ‘Baby Boomers’ to ‘Generation Y’. There are already predictions being made about the next generation to reach the workplace, variously known as ‘Generation Z’, ‘The Post-Millennials’ or ‘The Smartphone Generation’.
The birth dates quoted for this group are still debated, but researchers often refer to those currently aged between 14–21. For them, technology is an essential part of life, and they are often quoted as expecting a tough future.
Economist Noreena Hertz gives this group the title ‘Generation K’, in reference to Katniss Everdeen, the heroine of Suzanne Collins’ popular trilogy The Hunger Games, also a series of hit films. She explains some of their key characteristics in this clip:.
Some of the characteristics highlighted in Noreena’s interview will have a significant impact on how these individuals expect to lead or be led, either within the workforce or elsewhere. For example, their focus on climate change and inequality, and the desire to tackle issues and right wrongs, will inevitably impact on how they expect to be treated and how they will respond to different leadership styles and approaches.
Another key characteristic of this generation is a desire to be globally collaborative and share knowledge, which may again lead to a shift in leadership approach for some organisations. There may also be tension with members of older generations who may hold anti-globalisation views, as demonstrated by the UK’s decision to leave the EU, or the election of Donald Trump and his ‘America First’ agenda.
Rebecca Fielding shares her view on the types of leaders that organisations will be recruiting in the future.
Later this week, you’ll look at collaboration in more detail, and you'll consider leadership styles that are already emerging in response to a constantly changing environment.