Can renewable energy sources power the world?
Can renewable energy sources power the world?

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.

Free course

Can renewable energy sources power the world?

6.5 Public attitudes and planning considerations

The visual perception of a wind turbine or a wind farm is determined by a variety of factors including:

  • turbine size
  • turbine design
  • number of blades
  • colour
  • number of turbines in a wind farm
  • layout of the wind farm
  • extent to which moving rotor blades attract attention.

Figure 17 compares a wind turbine with other large constructions in the UK.

Figure 17 Comparison of wind turbines and other structures in the landscape

An individual’s perception of a wind energy project will also depend on a variety of less easily defined psychological and sociological parameters, with much of the controversy due to opposition to changes to the visual appearance of the landscape. Whether this is due to a visual dislike of wind turbines specifically, or simply to a general dislike of changes in the appearance of the landscape is often unclear.

Since the 1990s surveys of public attitudes have consistently shown that on average 70% to 80% support the development of wind farms in the UK (see for example NOP, 2005 and YouGov, 2010). However, there is still opposition to change and it is important for projects to be well designed and planned. Developers should engage with local communities to provide trusted and reliable information, together with meaningful community benefits.

Planning considerations and controls have a major influence on the deployment of wind turbines.

The UK Government includes planning guidance for wind energy in its National Planning Policy Framework, (DCLG, 2011). Guidelines for developers and planners have also been prepared by Natural England, Scottish Natural Heritage and the Countryside Council for Wales. Some UK local authorities have also developed policy guidelines on planning aspects of wind energy.

RENBOC_1

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to University-level study, we offer two introductory routes to our qualifications. You could either choose to start with an Access module, or a module which allows you to count your previous learning towards an Open University qualification. Read our guide on Where to take your learning next for more information.

Not ready for formal University study? Then browse over 1000 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus371