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- Assisted dying –someone who is dying or has a terminal condition is helped to die earlier by another person and through other means (i.e. their death is not caused by their disease).
- Assisted suicide – the person who dies administers the means of death to themselves but is helped by another person (e.g. acquire the drug needed). The person who dies may not have had a terminal condition prior to the suicide.
- Euthanasia - death is brought about for the sake of the dying person, because it is thought to be in their best interests, and the means of bringing about death are administered by someone other than the dying person. The word euthanasia is derived from a Greek term for ‘good death’ or ‘well death’ (i.e. dying well).
- Involuntary euthanasia - euthanasia on a person who would be able to provide informed consent, but does not, either because they do not want to die, or because they were not asked.
- Voluntary euthanasia- euthanasia on a person who has consented to it. The means of bringing about death are administered by someone other than the dying person.
- Passive euthanasia– when death is brought about by an omission (i.e. when someone lets someone die)
◄ 3 Assisted dying