Moons of our Solar System
Moons of our Solar System

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Moons of our Solar System


This course is the result of a collaborative process.

David A. Rothery, Professor of Planetary Geosciences, The Open University

Simon P. Kelley, Professor of Isotope Geochemistry, The Open University

Susanne P. Schwenzer, Research Investment Fellow, The Open University

Postgraduate research students: Jessica Barnes (course guide), Jean-David Bodénan, Catherine Hill, James Mortimer, Elena Nickson, Phillipa Smith, Beth Steer, Felicity Williams

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following for their contributions to the course: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), European Space Agency (ESA), Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Lunar and Planetary Institute (LPI).

Grateful acknowledgement is made for permission to reproduce copyright materials. Every effort has been made to contact copyright holders. If any have been inadvertently overlooked The Open University will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgements section, this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] .

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this unit:


Figure 1 Image courtesy of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center

Figure 2 Image courtesy of Chinese Academy of Sciences

Figure 3, 5 Image courtesy of NASA

Figure 4, 9, 11 © The Open University

Figure 6 Image courtesy of NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Southwest Research Institute

Figure 7 © stacey_newman (via

Figure 8 © agsandrew (via

Figure 10 Image courtesy of Prof. Frances Westall, CNRS, Orleans, France

Figure 12 Image courtesy of Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Rapid Response Team/NASA/GSFC

Figure 13 Image courtesy of DLR

Figure 14 Image © _thinrhino via

Figure 15 Image courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech

Figure 16 Image courtesy of NASA/JPL

Figure 17 Image courtesy of ESA/NASA/JPL/University of Arizona


Week 8 guide © The Open University

Humans or robots? © The Open University (some materials by courtesy of NASA)

The JUICE mission to Jupiter © The Open University (some materials by courtesy of NASA)

Penetrators at work © ESA/Astrium UK/QinetiQ

Icy penetrators © Airbus Defence and Space

New Horizons Pluto-Charon flyby Courtesy of Science @ NASA

Lessons from Earth Courtesy of NASA

What Huygens found on Titan © The Open University (some materials by courtesy of NASA)

What’s the Buzz? © The Open University

End-of-course Guide © The Open University

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

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