Everyday English 1
Everyday English 1

This free course is available to start right now. Review the full course description and key learning outcomes and create an account and enrol if you want a free statement of participation.

Free course

Everyday English 1

4.2 Subjects and verbs

Most sentences also need to contain a subject and a verb.

The subject

The subject tells you who or what the sentence is about. The rest of the sentence will give more detail about the subject.

For example, in

The driver took the wrong turn.

the driver is the subject.

Activity 26 Spot the subject

Allow about 5 minutes

Read the sentences below and see if you can pick out the subject. Write them in the box below.

The car needs more petrol.

I will ring the bank tomorrow.

Jane has bought a new digital camera.

Birmingham is a major city.

The stadium is quite new.

You can type text here, but this facility requires a free OU account. Sign in or register.
Interactive feature not available in single page view (see it in standard view).

Discussion

The subject of each sentence is in bold:

The car needs more petrol.

I will ring the bank tomorrow.

Jane has bought a new digital camera.

Birmingham is a major city.

The stadium is quite new.

Verbs

Verbs describe what is happening in a sentence. You may remember a verb being called a ‘doing’ word.

For example, in this sentence:

I read this web page last week.

’read’ is the verb – it is the action that happened.

Activity 27 Spot the verb

Allow about 5 minutes

Look at the following sentences and this time identify the verb. Write them in the box below.

I always buy petrol from here.

She sent him a message.

They drive to London every weekend.

The team played at home.

Gardeners work outside.

You can type text here, but this facility requires a free OU account. Sign in or register.
Interactive feature not available in single page view (see it in standard view).

Discussion

The verb in each sentence is in bold:

I always buy petrol from here.

She sent him a message.

They drive to London every weekend.

The team played at home.

Gardeners work outside.

FSE_1

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has nearly 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to university level study, find out more about the types of qualifications we offer, including our entry level Access courses and Certificates.

Not ready for University study then browse over 900 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus