Citizen science and global biodiversity
Citizen science and global biodiversity

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Citizen science and global biodiversity

5.1 Climate

Climate is a critical environmental factor that often dominantly determines biodiversity patterns. It does this mainly through its variability in time and space, acting as a limit for the survival and success of different species. Climatic variation is often fuelled by differences in latitude (at the global scale) or availability of water or solar radiation (at local and regional levels). A prominent global example of climate’s role is the various types of biomes in the world.These are a direct reflection of temperature and availability of water, which ultimately determine the local flora and fauna (see Figure 14).

Graphic
Figure 14 Biome distribution with respect to temperature and precipitation. Each biome occurs in special zones limited by availability of water and temperature.

Activity 7 Biome characteristics

Timing: Allow about 15 minutes

Examine Figure 14, in which different biomes are shown, depending on the prevalent temperature and precipitation. Then complete the following table.

BiomeTemperaturePrecipitationExpected biodiversity
tropical rainforesthot
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coldmedium wetlow
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very coldvery dryvery low
temperate deciduous forest
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medium
Words: 0
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Answer

Here is the completed table, bearing in mind that the answers for some biomes could vary.

BiomeTemperaturePrecipitationExpected biodiversity
tropical rainforesthotvery wethigh
taigacoldmedium wetlow
tundravery coldvery dryvery low
temperate deciduous forestmediummedium wetmedium
CSGB_1

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