Everyday maths 1 (Wales)
Everyday maths 1 (Wales)

This free course is available to start right now. Review the full course description and key learning outcomes and create an account and enrol if you want a free statement of participation.

Free course

Everyday maths 1 (Wales)

1.6 Add and subtract large numbers

Addition

We add large numbers in the same way as we add smaller numbers:

Interactive feature not available in single page view (see it in standard view).

Activity 6: Adding whole numbers

Complete the following tasks without using a calculator:

  1. 8 936 + 453
  2. 3 291 + 2 520
  3. 35 + 214 + 9 963
  4. 28 550 + 865
  5. 243 552 + 64 771
  6. 698 441 + 323 118

Remember you can check your calculations using the inverse method, which means using the opposite type of sum to check that your answer is correct. For example, you can use subtraction to check that an addition calculation is correct:

630 + 295 = 925 (addition)

925 – 295 = 630 (subtraction to check)

Answer

The answers are as follows:

  1. 9 389
  2. 5 811
  3. 10 212
  4. 29 415
  5. 308 323
  6. 1 021 559

Subtraction

There are different methods that can be used to subtract numbers. You need to find the method that works for you.

Decomposition method

For example:

843 – 266

Follow the following steps:

  1.  

    • a.Start with the units: subtract 6 from 3. (This can’t be done.)
    • b.There are four tens in the tens column. One of these can be given to the units column.
    • c.If 10 is added to the original 3 we now have 13 in the units column: 13 – 6 = 7.
    • d.7 is placed on the answer line in the units column.
  2.  

    • a.Now move on to the tens column: subtract 6 from 3. There are only three tens left, because one 10 was added to the units column. (This can’t be done.)
    • b.There are eight hundreds in the hundreds column. Taking one from the hundreds column and moving it to the tens column makes 13 in the tens column: 13 – 6 = 7.
    • c.7 is placed on the answer line in the tens column.
  3.  

    • a.There is now a 7 in the hundreds column.
    • b.Subtract 3 from 7: 7 – 2 = 5.
    • c.This is placed on the answer line in the hundreds column.

The final answer is 577.

You need to be careful when trying to subtract with zeros; for example, 800 – 427. The following video shows the decomposition method in full, including dealing with zeros:

Interactive feature not available in single page view (see it in standard view).

‘Borrow and pay back’ method

For example:

765 – 39

Follow the following steps:

  1. Start with the units. You cannot subtract 9 from 5.
  2. You borrow 10 to make it 15.
  3. Now you have borrowed, you must ‘pay back’ by adding 1 to the tens column of the number that you are subtracting. This increases both numbers by ten (5 + 10 = 15 and 39 + 10 = 49). The difference stays the same.

Activity 7: Subtracting whole numbers

Complete this activity using the subtraction method that you are most familiar with. Do not use a calculator.

  1. 9 965 – 742
  2. 8 163 – 7 481
  3. 27 364 – 9 583
  4. 600 987 – 4 500
  5. 975 046 – 74 308
  6. 587 342 – 369 453

Remember you can check your calculations using the inverse method, which means using subtraction to check that your answer to an addition calculation is correct. For example:

630 + 295 = 925 (addition)

925 – 295 = 630 (subtraction to check)

Answer

The answers are as follows:

  1. 9 223
  2. 682
  3. 17 781
  4. 596 487
  5. 900 738
  6. 217 889
FSM_1_CYMRU

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to university level study, find out more about the types of qualifications we offer, including our entry level Access courses and Certificates.

Not ready for University study then browse over 900 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus