Graphic showing some of the broad questions criminologists might ask.
The questions are:
- Are some crimes more likely to happen at particular times or in particular places?
- Do the ways in which society responds to crime help to reduce it?
- Who is most likely to become a victim of crime?
- Who in society is most likely to commit a crime?
- Are criminal justice approaches the best way to respond to crime?
- Are there other dangers in society as serious as crime which are not covered by criminal law?
- Why are some ‘nuisance’ behaviours illegal and some not?
- Why are some harmful and dangerous behaviours illegal, while others are not?
- Are all perpetrators (and all victims) always treated in ways that will ensure a safer society for all?
- Whose interests are served by the law?
- Who has the power to make laws?
- Does punishment and imprisonment really ‘work’ in the way society thinks they do?
◄ 3.1 What kinds of questions do criminologists seek to answer?