Enacting European Citizenship (ENACT)
Enacting European Citizenship (ENACT)

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.

Free course

Enacting European Citizenship (ENACT)

2.4 Claims by women’s NGOs

After having looked at claims to European citizenship by Kurdish nationals in Turkey via the ECtHRs, let us now look at claims to European citizenship via other means. We will be discussing here the case of four women’s NGOs in Turkey and their claims of citizenship. These are the following. The Association for Supporting and Training Women Candidates, KADER. KADER is the only association in Turkey which works to encourage women to participate in the decision making bodies, such as parliament, local administration or syndicates. The second group is Women Entrepreneurs Association, KAGİDER. It was founded in 2002, as a sister association of Turkish Industrialists’ and Businessmen’s Association with the mission of developing women’s entrepreneurship and status in economic and social life. Third associations is a feminist association called Women’s Center, KAMER. It was founded as a support centre for women experiencing violence in Diyarbakır, a city in south-eastern Anatolia, in 1997. Over the years it expanded its activities to 23 provinces of Eastern and South-eastern Anatolia, both to districts and villages. Finally, the Capital City Women’s Platform. It is an independent Islamist woman’s organisation in Turkey founded in 1995. The Platform focuses on gender issues. The members’ work is concerned with issues such gender-based discrimination, gender equality, social and economic problems of women are all within the scope of the Platform.

The following excerpt is from Kanci, T., Bayraktar, D., Rumelili, B., and F. Keyman (2010) ‘Women in Turkey and their Acts of European Citizenship’ pp 26-33, which can be found here [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] .

While reading, please note the modes in which Turkish women act out European citizenship and the type of demands they advance.

Women in Turkey and their Acts of European Citizenship

Activity 4

Reflect on the following points and make notes.

  1. Turkish women do not formally hold the EU citizenship status. Nonetheless, they act out European citizenship by claiming the rights to women’s political participation, equality, freedom from violence and discrimination among others granted by the EU.
  2. These claims have a double effect. First, they use the EU framework as a leverage to broaden the scope of women’s rights in Turkey. Second, the claims do not take the EU framework for granted but engage in enlarging EU gender based frameworks as well.
  3. In doing so they challenge politically EU citizenship’s scope and content and, at the same time, participate in the making of European citizenship as citizens.
ENACT_1

Take your learning further371

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses372.

If you are new to university level study, we offer two introductory routes to our qualifications. Find out Where to take your learning next?373 You could either choose to start with an Access courses374or an open box module, which allows you to count your previous learning towards an Open University qualification.

Not ready for University study then browse over 1000 free courses on OpenLearn375 and sign up to our newsletter376 to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus371