3.1.2 Textiles and clothing
Here, the conflict is largely between developing country exporters and developed countries that were reluctant to expose their textile producers to cheaper imports. Here too the UR agreement had a proviso to soften its immediate impact, and a loophole that developing countries seem not to have anticipated. In order to enable textile producers in developed countries to adjust gradually to increased import competition, quantitative restrictions were to be phased out over ten years, starting in 1995, with 49 per cent of the restrictions to be removed only at the end of the ten-year period. This much the developing countries knew at the time of signing. What they perhaps did not expect is that developed countries would fulfil their intermediate targets by the clever expedient of including items that were not under quantitative restrictions in the first place, with the result that even by 2002 quantitative restrictions had been removed on relatively few items.