6 Elected regional assemblies in England
London's population and economic size are those of a region. As such it contains various peripheries within itself. Further to this, there are some issues, mainly economic planning and transport, which are closely connected with the rest of south-east England. The Labour government introduced a Greater London Authority (Referendum) Bill in October 1997 and organised a referendum on 7 May 1998 in which 72 per cent voted (on a low turn-out of 33.5 per cent) in favour of establishing a Mayor and Assembly for London. Established after elections in May 2000 the directly elected Mayor and elected Greater London Authority (GLA) has a ‘strategic’ rather than a service provider role, embracing transport, economic development, the environment, planning, police, fire and civil defence, and culture.