Modern slavery
Modern slavery

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Modern slavery


Allain, J. (2012) The Legal Understanding of Slavery: from the Historical to the Contemporary [Online], Oxford, Oxford University Press. Available at (Accessed 10 September 2014).
Aristotle (1981 [1962]) Aristotle: the Politics (trans. from T.A. Sinclair), Middlesex, Penguin Books Ltd.
BBC News (2013) Magdalene Laundries: Enda Kenny Delivers State Apology [Online]. Available at (Accessed 10 September 2014).
Davis, R.C. (2004) Christian Slaves, Muslim Masters: White Slavery in the Mediterranean, the Barbary Coast and Italy, 1500–1800, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan.
International Labour Organisation (2014) Profits and Poverty: the Economics of Forced Labour [Online]. Available at (Accessed 11 September 2014).
Lured by a Job, Trapped in Forced Labour (2014) YouTube video, added by International Labour Organisation [Online]. Available at (Accessed 10 September 2014).
The Magdalene Laundries Ireland – a Documentary Clip from ‘The Forgotten Maggies’ (2011) YouTube video, added by Gerard Boland [Online]. Available at (Accessed 10 September 2014).
Piotrowicz, R. (2009) ‘The legal nature of trafficking in human beings’, Intercultural Human Rights Law Review, vol. 4, pp. 175–203.
Sarah Soh, C. (2001) ‘Japan’s responsibility toward comfort women survivors’, Japan Policy Research Institute, no. 77, May [Online]. Available at (Accessed 9 October 2014).
Scotland’s Commissioner for Children and Young People and the Centre for Rural Childhood (2011) Scotland: a Safe Place for Child Traffickers [Online]. Available at (Accessed 10 September 2014).
UK Government (2014) The Fifth Periodic Report to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child [Online]. Available at (Accessed 11 September 2014).
UN Human Rights Committee (2004) The Nature of the General Legal Obligation Imposed on States Parties to the Covenant, general comment no. 31, 26 May, CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.13.
United Nations Human Rights (2014) Slavery Convention [Online]. Available at (Accessed 10 September 2014).
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2012) Global Report on Trafficking in Persons [Online]. Available at (Accessed 10 September 2014).
Upadhyaya, K.P. (2008) Poverty, Discrimination and Slavery: the Reality of Bonded Labour in India, Nepal and Pakistan, Anti-Slavery International.
Weissbrodt, D. (2007) ‘Slavery’ in Wolfrum, R. (ed.) Max Planch Encyclopedia of Public International Law, [Online], Oxford, Oxford University Press. Available at (Accessed 9 October 2014).
White Gold – the True Cost of Cotton (2007) YouTube video, added by EnvironmentalJusticeFoundation [Online]. Available at (Accessed 10 September 2014).
Work Abroad (2008) YouTube video, added by UNODC, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime [Online]. Available at (Accessed 10 September 2014).
Hadijatou Mani Koraou v The Republic of Niger, ECW/CCJ/JUD/06/08, 27 October 2008
Prosecutor v Kunarac et al (Judgment) IT-96-23 & IT -96923/1-T (22 February 2001)
Rantsev v Cyprus and Russia (Application No 25965/04) (unreported) given 7 January 2010, ECtHR
Somerset v Stewart (1772) 98 ER 499
Abolition of the Slave Trade Act 1807 c 36
Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act 1976 No 19
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen 1789
Emancipation Proclamation 1863
Modern Slavery Act 2015 c 30
Slavery Abolition Act 1833 c 73
Treaties, conventions and resolutions
African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights 1981
American Convention on Human Rights 1969
Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989
Convention to Suppress the Slave Trade and Slavery 1926
Council of Europe Convention on Action Against Trafficking in Human Beings CETS No 197 2005
Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children Against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse CETS No 201 2007
European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms 1950
European Union Directive 2011/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2011 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims OJ L 101
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 1966
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 1966
International Labour Organization Abolition of Forced Labour Convention 1957 (No 105)
International Labour Organization Forced Labour Convention 1930 (No 29)
International Labour Organisation Worst Forms of Child Labour 1999 Convention (No 182)
Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography 2000
Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention 1930
Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime 2000
Rome Statute on the International Criminal Court 1998
Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery 1956
Treaty of Versailles 1919
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime 2012
Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948

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