Diabetes care
Diabetes care

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Diabetes care

2 什么是糖尿病?

糖尿病就是血液里的葡萄糖浓度高于正常值。糖尿病的英文词Diabetes来源于希腊词汇,意思是从身体里除去液体。糖尿病就是用来描述当液体从身体里被除去的时候所引起的混乱,导致口渴和尿频。糖尿病有两种形式,一种是胰岛素缺乏型,这也是最普遍的一种类型,另一种是尿崩症。胰岛素缺乏型糖尿病是指人排出的是“甜尿”,这是由于体内血液中葡萄糖浓度过高所致,一定量的葡萄糖进入到尿液中,导致其很甜。葡萄糖是一种单糖,它是多糖的碳水化合物的组成部分。胰岛素缺乏型糖尿病存在数千年了,古罗马和古埃及人曾经有所描述。随着时间的推移,关于糖尿病有越来越多的发现和了解,同时治疗的方法也不断地提升。

尿崩症是一种比较罕见的情形,主要成因是大脑中缺少产生浓缩尿液的荷尔蒙。尿崩症也是同样被叫做糖尿病,因为这种病症同样产生大量的尿液,但是却与身体如何吸收转化葡萄糖没有任何关系。

本课程主要是了解胰岛素缺乏型糖尿病,在没有特指的情况下,所有的糖尿病均指胰岛素缺乏型糖尿病,以下均简称糖尿病。

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