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Understanding cardiovascular diseases
Understanding cardiovascular diseases

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4.3 Education, education, education

We have already listed some of the main modifiable risk factors, such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.

SAQ 1.2

Question: Try to recall two other major modifiable risk factors.


The risk factors could be diet (unhealthy or unbalanced) and inactivity. Look back at Table 2 for a full list.

There are current awareness campaigns in mainly developed countries, originating from many quarters, ranging from the government to health charities as well as via celebrity chefs, which try to improve the food that children and young people eat. In parallel, there are efforts to engage younger people in more physical activity. Both of these initiatives aim to avoid future health problems, whether they are cardiovascular and/or related to obesity. Both help practically by improving current health and by educating children to opt for healthier diets and lifestyles as they grow.