Representing and manipulating data in computers
Representing and manipulating data in computers

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Representing and manipulating data in computers

8.6 Summary

The logic operations introduced here are summarised in Table 1, which is an example of what is known as a ‘truth table’. It shows what the result (‘output’) of each logic operation is for all possible combinations of ‘input’ values. You may find this format a useful one for remembering the various logic operations.

Table 1: Summary of the logic operations NOT, AND, OR and XOR

Operation Inputs Output
NOT 0 1
1 0
AND 0 0 0
0 1 0
1 0 0
1 1 1
OR 0 0 0
0 1 1
1 0 1
1 1 1
XOR 0 0 0
0 1 1
1 0 1
1 1 0

Activity 28 (Self assessment)

  1. If A = 0011 0111 and B = 0100 1011, find

    1. NOT A

    2. A AND B

    3. A OR B

    4. A XOR B


    1. Is A AND B=B AND A?

    2. Is A OR B=B OR A?

    3. Is A XOR B=B XOR A?



    1. NOT A is the complement of A, which is 1100 1000.

      So A AND B is 0000 0011.

    2. So A OR B is 0111 1111.

    3. So A XOR B is 0111 1100.


    1. Yes

    2. Yes

    3. Yes


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