Integrated safety, health and environmental management: An introduction
Integrated safety, health and environmental management: An introduction

This free course is available to start right now. Review the full course description and key learning outcomes and create an account and enrol if you want a free statement of participation.

Free course

Integrated safety, health and environmental management: An introduction

4.2.1 Comparing the management systems

One approach to BS 8800 follows the ISO 14001 model, and the ISO 14001 system itself was closely modelled on the previous ISO 9000, with the 2000 revision of ISO 9000 following ISO 14001 principles. As a result, you may imagine that there are similarities between the standards. Many of the elements are similar, and some are nearly identical. Management systems share common elements, including developing and documenting procedures, training, record keeping, auditing, and corrective action. Figure 8 illustrates this in relation to the cycles for environment and health and safety.

Environmental and health and safety management system cycles compared
Figure 8 (a) Environmental and (b) health and safety management system cycles compared

Please click on the 'View document' link below to view a larger version of Figure 8.

View document [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)]

The foundation of ISO system standards is a TQM approach. These standards are process-oriented and are used to evaluate management systems. They do not establish technical guidelines, limits or goals. They do not measure performance.

ISO 14001 describes the basic requirements of an environmental management system. It is the standard that organisations implement and to which they either seek third-party registration or self-declaration of conformance. An ISO 14001 registration will not guarantee that a particular facility has achieved the best possible environmental performance, only that it has put an environmental management system in place. Notice also that the ‘continual improvement’ mentioned in the standards refers to continual improvement of the management system itself, not environmental performance directly. Most professionals agree that a systematic method is equally essential for an effective safety programme.

Quality management is based on the quality management principles listed in Table 7. These are comprehensive and fundamental rules or beliefs, aimed at continually improving the performance of an organisation over the long term by focusing on customers while addressing the needs of all other stakeholders. ISO 14001 is aimed at these, and more: ‘customer requirements’ expands to embrace regulatory and other mandatory environmental requirements; and ‘continual improvement’ is driven not only by ‘customer’ expectations but also by priorities and objectives generated internally by the organisation.

T835_1

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to university level study, find out more about the types of qualifications we offer, including our entry level Access courses and Certificates.

Not ready for University study then browse over 900 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus