15 Part 2: 6 Key points of Part 2
Individuals are motivated to invent by one or more factors: curiosity; constructive discontent about a product; a desire to help others; a desire to make money.
Organisations invent for a number of reasons: business strategy; the need to improve existing products and processes; new materials become available, as do technologies and manufacturing processes; government policy, legislation and regulations.
The process of invention involves the stages of: identification, exploration, incubation, act of insight, critical revision.
Inventive ideas often occur due to associative thinking, which brings together ideas, knowledge and techniques from different areas. Inventors also use adaptation, transfer, combination and analogy.
Chance often plays a significant role in invention.
Inventors often have the ability to focus on a problem to the exclusion of everything else, and are single-minded and determined, and have an optimism about finding a viable solution.
Innovation requires teamwork, the ability to persuade others, the patience to accept criticism, the flexibility to compromise and the open-mindedness to accept input from others.
The technology push model suggests the innovation process starts with an idea or a discovery. The market pull model suggests the stimulus for innovation comes from the needs of the market. The coupling model suggests interaction between innovators and the market.
Having the idea for an invention is often easy compared with transforming it into a marketable innovation.