7.2 Types of active galaxy
All active galaxies have a compact, energetic nucleus - an AGN.
Seyfert galaxies are spiral galaxies with bright, point-like nuclei which vary in brightness. They show excesses at far infrared and other wavelengths, and have strong, broad emission lines.
Quasars resemble very distant Seyfert galaxies with very luminous nuclei. They are variable. About 10% are strong radio sources thought to be powered by jets of material moving at speeds close to the speed of light.
Radio galaxies are distinguished by having giant radio lobes fed by one or two jets. They have a compact nucleus like Seyfert galaxies. The compact nucleus is variable, and its emission lines may be broad or narrow.
Blazars exhibit a continuous spectrum across a wide range of wavelengths and emission lines, when present, are broad and weak. They are variable on very rapid timescales.