You have probably learnt quite a lot about your calculator by now. So this may be a good time to pause and consolidate that knowledge. Speaking mathematics aloud and explaining concepts to somebody else are good ways to do this.
Exercise 15: Speakeasy
This exercise is to give you practice in saying as well as doing mathematics. First set your calculator to 4 places of decimals. Next, complete the table by noting in the second column how you would say the mathematical expressions out loud. Finally, note down their values in the third column.
|The square root of pi||1.7725|
|(2.5 × 7.2)− 1|
|The square root of pi|| ||1.7725|
|29||Two to the power 9||2 9||512.0000|
|(2.5 × 7.2)− 1||The reciprocal of (2.5 times 7.2), or 2.5 times 7.2 all to the power of minus 1||2.5 7.2||.0556|
|The reciprocal of the square root of 2 to the power 3, or one over root 2, all cubed|| 2 3||.3536|
|Minus 6 plus the square root of (6 squared minus 15), all divided by two||6  6 15 2||−.7087|
Notice the importance of brackets in the last example. An extra pair of brackets is necessary in the key sequence to ensure that everything is divided by 2.
You may like to reset your calculator to FLOAT, before using it again.
Exercise 16: Explaining to others
Depending on your previous experience, this may have been the first time you have come across the mathematical terms ‘square’, ‘square root’, ‘reciprocal’ and ‘power’. Do you feel you could now explain what they mean to someone else who is unfamiliar with these terms?
Using your own words, try to write a few notes in youron each term as if you were explaining the meanings to someone else. If you are still hazy about the meaning of the terms, then try to be clear about what it is that you do not understand.
Many different answers are possible, but you should have included something equivalent to the following.
The ‘square’ ( key) of a number is the number multiplied by itself, for example 42=4×4=16.
The ‘square root’ ( ) of a positive number is the number whose square gives the original number, for example =4.
The ‘reciprocal’ ( key) of a number is 1 divided by the number, for example the reciprocal of 2=.
The ‘power’ ( key) is the number of times a number is multiplied by itself, for example 23 is 2 to the power 3, which is 2 × 2 × 2.
You might like to try out your explanations on someone else.
You have started to unlock some of the power of your calculator by exploring a few of its functions. You have looked at some examples of everyday calculations and explored techniques for handling very large and very small numbers. You have also started to use some mathematical language. This is only the first step and is intended to give you an initial appreciation of the calculator as a mathematical tool.