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Introduction
https://www.open.edu/openlearn/sciencemathstechnology/mathematicsstatistics/workingonyourownmathematics/contentsection0
Tue, 12 Apr 2016 23:00:00 GMT
<p>This course focuses on your initial encounters with research. It invites you to think about how perceptions of mathematics have influenced you in your prior learning, your teaching and the attitudes of learners.</p><p>This OpenLearn course provides a sample of postgraduate level study in <span class="oucontentlinkwithtip"><a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.open.ac.uk/postgraduate/qualifications/f70">Education</a></span> and <a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.open.ac.uk/postgraduate/qualifications/f04">Mathematics</a>.</p>
https://www.open.edu/openlearn/sciencemathstechnology/mathematicsstatistics/workingonyourownmathematics/contentsection0
IntroductionME825_1<p>This course focuses on your initial encounters with research. It invites you to think about how perceptions of mathematics have influenced you in your prior learning, your teaching and the attitudes of learners.</p><p>This OpenLearn course provides a sample of postgraduate level study in <span class="oucontentlinkwithtip"><a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.open.ac.uk/postgraduate/qualifications/f70">Education</a></span> and <a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.open.ac.uk/postgraduate/qualifications/f04">Mathematics</a>.</p>The Open UniversityThe Open UniversityCoursetext/htmlenGBWorking on your own mathematics  ME825_1Copyright © 2016 The Open University

Learning outcomes
https://www.open.edu/openlearn/sciencemathstechnology/mathematicsstatistics/workingonyourownmathematics/contentsectionlearningoutcomes
Tue, 12 Apr 2016 23:00:00 GMT
<p>After studying this course, you should be able to:</p><ul><li><p>reflect in depth on aspects of mathematics learning, whether personally directly concerned with mathematics teaching or simply interested in issues of mathematics education</p></li><li><p>examine established views about existing practice in a critical way and engage with research evidence on mathematics and learning.</p></li></ul>
https://www.open.edu/openlearn/sciencemathstechnology/mathematicsstatistics/workingonyourownmathematics/contentsectionlearningoutcomes
Learning outcomesME825_1<p>After studying this course, you should be able to:</p><ul><li><p>reflect in depth on aspects of mathematics learning, whether personally directly concerned with mathematics teaching or simply interested in issues of mathematics education</p></li><li><p>examine established views about existing practice in a critical way and engage with research evidence on mathematics and learning.</p></li></ul>The Open UniversityThe Open UniversityCoursetext/htmlenGBWorking on your own mathematics  ME825_1Copyright © 2016 The Open University

1 Forces for development
https://www.open.edu/openlearn/sciencemathstechnology/mathematicsstatistics/workingonyourownmathematics/contentsection1
Tue, 12 Apr 2016 23:00:00 GMT
<p>Working in mathematics education involves a sense of both past and future, and how the two combine to influence the present. It may seem that, because the past has already happened, it cannot be altered; however, you can alter how you perceive the past, and what lessons you take from it. Each of us has a personal past in mathematics education—the particular events of our personal lives, who taught us, where, what and how they taught us, and what we took from the experiences. Each of us also has a related ‘communal’ past—the general events in mathematics education and their influences on school practices, as well as the perceptions of mathematics and school in the cultures in which we grew up. The past exerts a serious grip on the present, helpfully in terms of maintaining tradition and continuity across generations, and unhelpfully for the same reasons.</p><p>A colleague, Christine Shiu, was in China talking with a group of mathematics teachers about problem solving and investigative work in mathematics. One commented ‘Yes, but you must learn from the Ancestors first’. One reason for attending school is to become one of those who know the old ways, and so be part of a ‘community of memory’ and hence an inheritor of traditions. There is perhaps no more fundamental split between a perception of the primary function of schooling as enculturation into traditions, and a perception of schooling as preparation for the future; this is often unfairly characterised as a split between the backwardlooking and the forwardlooking, with all the connotations of those words.</p><p>The future too can exert a strong influence. Again, it might seem strange that the future can exert an influence on the present. But you have a more or less explicitly desired personal future that affects what and how you teach, and part of the work of mathematics education is to envisage possible communal futures for mathematics teaching and learning. A particularly relevant aspect of communal thinking about the future of mathematics education concerns the influence of technologies, especially computers, and their potential to destabilise radically some traditional views of the interactions among teachers, learners and mathematics in a classroom setting.</p><p>This section focuses on your own and others’ accounts of their experiences of learning mathematics. It begins to show how such personal experiences can be explored and can inform the shared communal culture of published writing.</p><p>Everybody can remember incidents from their own learning of mathematics. Some incidents may be positive and others negative. What influence might such memories have on the teaching and learning of mathematics?</p><div class=" oucontentactivity oucontentsheavybox1 oucontentsbox " id="act001_001"><div class="oucontentouterbox"><h2 class="oucontenth3 oucontentheading oucontentnonumber">Activity 1 Starting your mathematical autobiography</h2><div class="oucontentinnerbox"><div class="oucontentsaqquestion"><p>Think back over your own experiences of learning mathematics, both as a child and as an adult. What stands out for you? It might be particular incidents, particular lessons, particular teachers, or a generalised sense of some sort, or an emotional response, or it might be all of these, and much more.</p></div>
<div class="oucontentsaqdiscussion" datashowtext="Reveal discussion" datahidetext="Hide discussion"><h3 class="oucontenth4">Discussion</h3><p>Wait until you have some spare time and feel willing to be introspective. Start making some notes in response to this task, and continue adding to them. Starting to think about your experiences may produce memories you had forgotten. Be prepared to be surprised, and possibly disquieted or even distressed by some of your recollections. Learning mathematics has seldom been a neutral experience.</p></div></div></div></div><div class=" oucontentactivity oucontentsheavybox1 oucontentsbox " id="act001_002"><div class="oucontentouterbox"><h2 class="oucontenth3 oucontentheading oucontentnonumber">Activity 2 Forces for development</h2><div class="oucontentinnerbox"><div class="oucontentsaqquestion"><p>Read the chapter <span class="oucontentlinkwithtip"><a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="https://www.open.edu/openlearn/ocw/mod/resource/view.php?id=26854">Forces for development</a></span>. This is taken from the book <i>Researching Your Own Practice</i>. In this chapter, John Mason, a member of the ME825 course team, looks at some of the forces for development in mathematics education and introduces reflection as an action. As part of your reading, you are invited to carry out <a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="https://www.open.edu/openlearn/ocw/mod/resource/view.php?id=26855">a personal inventory and an inventory with colleagues</a>.</p></div></div></div></div>
https://www.open.edu/openlearn/sciencemathstechnology/mathematicsstatistics/workingonyourownmathematics/contentsection1
1 Forces for developmentME825_1<p>Working in mathematics education involves a sense of both past and future, and how the two combine to influence the present. It may seem that, because the past has already happened, it cannot be altered; however, you can alter how you perceive the past, and what lessons you take from it. Each of us has a personal past in mathematics education—the particular events of our personal lives, who taught us, where, what and how they taught us, and what we took from the experiences. Each of us also has a related ‘communal’ past—the general events in mathematics education and their influences on school practices, as well as the perceptions of mathematics and school in the cultures in which we grew up. The past exerts a serious grip on the present, helpfully in terms of maintaining tradition and continuity across generations, and unhelpfully for the same reasons.</p><p>A colleague, Christine Shiu, was in China talking with a group of mathematics teachers about problem solving and investigative work in mathematics. One commented ‘Yes, but you must learn from the Ancestors first’. One reason for attending school is to become one of those who know the old ways, and so be part of a ‘community of memory’ and hence an inheritor of traditions. There is perhaps no more fundamental split between a perception of the primary function of schooling as enculturation into traditions, and a perception of schooling as preparation for the future; this is often unfairly characterised as a split between the backwardlooking and the forwardlooking, with all the connotations of those words.</p><p>The future too can exert a strong influence. Again, it might seem strange that the future can exert an influence on the present. But you have a more or less explicitly desired personal future that affects what and how you teach, and part of the work of mathematics education is to envisage possible communal futures for mathematics teaching and learning. A particularly relevant aspect of communal thinking about the future of mathematics education concerns the influence of technologies, especially computers, and their potential to destabilise radically some traditional views of the interactions among teachers, learners and mathematics in a classroom setting.</p><p>This section focuses on your own and others’ accounts of their experiences of learning mathematics. It begins to show how such personal experiences can be explored and can inform the shared communal culture of published writing.</p><p>Everybody can remember incidents from their own learning of mathematics. Some incidents may be positive and others negative. What influence might such memories have on the teaching and learning of mathematics?</p><div class="
oucontentactivity
oucontentsheavybox1 oucontentsbox " id="act001_001"><div class="oucontentouterbox"><h2 class="oucontenth3 oucontentheading oucontentnonumber">Activity 1 Starting your mathematical autobiography</h2><div class="oucontentinnerbox"><div class="oucontentsaqquestion"><p>Think back over your own experiences of learning mathematics, both as a child and as an adult. What stands out for you? It might be particular incidents, particular lessons, particular teachers, or a generalised sense of some sort, or an emotional response, or it might be all of these, and much more.</p></div>
<div class="oucontentsaqdiscussion" datashowtext="Reveal discussion" datahidetext="Hide discussion"><h3 class="oucontenth4">Discussion</h3><p>Wait until you have some spare time and feel willing to be introspective. Start making some notes in response to this task, and continue adding to them. Starting to think about your experiences may produce memories you had forgotten. Be prepared to be surprised, and possibly disquieted or even distressed by some of your recollections. Learning mathematics has seldom been a neutral experience.</p></div></div></div></div><div class="
oucontentactivity
oucontentsheavybox1 oucontentsbox " id="act001_002"><div class="oucontentouterbox"><h2 class="oucontenth3 oucontentheading oucontentnonumber">Activity 2 Forces for development</h2><div class="oucontentinnerbox"><div class="oucontentsaqquestion"><p>Read the chapter <span class="oucontentlinkwithtip"><a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="https://www.open.edu/openlearn/ocw/mod/resource/view.php?id=26854">Forces for development</a></span>. This is taken from the book <i>Researching Your Own Practice</i>. In this chapter, John Mason, a member of the ME825 course team, looks at some of the forces for development in mathematics education and introduces reflection as an action. As part of your reading, you are invited to carry out <a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="https://www.open.edu/openlearn/ocw/mod/resource/view.php?id=26855">a personal inventory and an inventory with colleagues</a>.</p></div></div></div></div>The Open UniversityThe Open UniversityCoursetext/htmlenGBWorking on your own mathematics  ME825_1Copyright © 2016 The Open University

2 Your own mathematics
https://www.open.edu/openlearn/sciencemathstechnology/mathematicsstatistics/workingonyourownmathematics/contentsection2
Tue, 12 Apr 2016 23:00:00 GMT
<p>It is crucial to remember that you are a learner of mathematics as well as a teacher. In this course you will be asked to undertake some mathematical tasks. The aim of these tasks is not to improve your mathematics, but to give you experience of doing mathematics for yourself—experience that you can reflect upon subsequently. The reflection is used to develop your awareness of the ways that learners deal with mathematical tasks, and how learners' mathematical thinking is influenced by the ways that tasks are formulated.</p><p>Moreover, it is important that you develop the habit of working on mathematics for yourself so that you refresh your awareness of how easy it is to get stuck on a problem, and how learners can use their powers of mathematical thinking to get themselves unstuck.</p>
https://www.open.edu/openlearn/sciencemathstechnology/mathematicsstatistics/workingonyourownmathematics/contentsection2
2 Your own mathematicsME825_1<p>It is crucial to remember that you are a learner of mathematics as well as a teacher. In this course you will be asked to undertake some mathematical tasks. The aim of these tasks is not to improve your mathematics, but to give you experience of doing mathematics for yourself—experience that you can reflect upon subsequently. The reflection is used to develop your awareness of the ways that learners deal with mathematical tasks, and how learners' mathematical thinking is influenced by the ways that tasks are formulated.</p><p>Moreover, it is important that you develop the habit of working on mathematics for yourself so that you refresh your awareness of how easy it is to get stuck on a problem, and how learners can use their powers of mathematical thinking to get themselves unstuck.</p>The Open UniversityThe Open UniversityCoursetext/htmlenGBWorking on your own mathematics  ME825_1Copyright © 2016 The Open University

3 Work on your own mathematics
https://www.open.edu/openlearn/sciencemathstechnology/mathematicsstatistics/workingonyourownmathematics/contentsection3
Tue, 12 Apr 2016 23:00:00 GMT
<p>Two activities are given below. You are asked to work on them in turn and to record not only your working, but observations on what you notice about your emotions as you work through step by step.</p><div class=" oucontentactivity oucontentsheavybox1 oucontentsbox " id="act001_003"><div class="oucontentouterbox"><h2 class="oucontenth3 oucontentheading oucontentnonumber">Activity 3 Constrained numbers</h2><div class="oucontentinnerbox"><div class="oucontentsaqquestion"><p>Work on this task for about half an hour.</p><p><i>Starter</i></p><p>Write down a number between 2 and 4. And another. And another.</p></div>
<div class="oucontentsaqdiscussion" datashowtext="Reveal discussion" datahidetext="Hide discussion"><h3 class="oucontenth4">Discussion</h3><p>Experience suggests that there is a significant difference between being asked for three examples all at once, and being asked for three one after the other with pauses for the construction at each stage. By the third request, many learners are ‘feeling bored’ and so challenge themselves by constructing more complex examples. The point of the task is to get learners to become aware of the range of choices open to them and, more specifically, the general class of possibilities from which they can choose, so they do not jump at the first thing that comes to mind</p></div></div></div></div><div class=" oucontentactivity oucontentsheavybox1 oucontentsbox " id="act001_004"><div class="oucontentouterbox"><h2 class="oucontenth3 oucontentheading oucontentnonumber">Activity 4 Main task</h2><div class="oucontentinnerbox"><div class="oucontentsaqquestion"><p>Write down a decimal number that lies between 2 and 3.</p><p>Now add a further constraint. Write down a decimal number that lies between 2 and 3, and does not use the digit 5.</p><p>Now add a further constraint. Write down a decimal number that lies between 2 and 3, and does not use the digit 5 but does use the digit 8.</p><p>Add a further constraint. Write down a decimal number that lies between 2 and 3, and does not use the digit 5 but does use the digit 8, and is as close to 2½ as possible.</p><p>
<b>
<i>Variant 1</i>
</b>
</p><p>Write down a fraction between 4 and 5.</p><p>Write down a fraction between 4 and 5 that uses each digit 0 to 9 just once.</p><p>Write down a fraction between 4 and 5 that uses each digit 0 to 9 just once and is as close to 4.25 as possible.</p><p>
<b>
<i>Variant 2</i>
</b>
</p><p>Write down a threedigit number.</p><p>Write down a threedigit number whose digits are all distinct.</p><p>Write down a threedigit number whose digits are all distinct and whose digits are all odd.</p><p>Write down a threedigit number whose digits are all distinct, whose digits are all odd and which is not a multiple of 5.</p><p>Now go back and, at each stage, write down a threedigit number that does <i>not</i> meet the criteria which follow it. For example, your first number must <i>not</i> have all digits distinct.</p></div>
<div class="oucontentsaqdiscussion" datashowtext="Reveal discussion" datahidetext="Hide discussion"><h3 class="oucontenth4">Discussion</h3><p>Did you find that working with each constraint in turn made it easier to construct an appropriate example than if you had tried to meet all the constraints at once? Were you tempted to jump ahead and try to be efficient by just doing the last part of each task? The idea behind setting a task in this way is that at each stage you become aware of the range of possibilities from which you are choosing your particular example. The last part of Variant 2 is designed to reveal examples that are more constrained than they need to be, and so it should lead to an awareness of a range of permissible examples that arise when one or other feature of the number is varied.</p><p>Experience suggests that, in the classroom, reading the task out stage by stage, leaving time for construction at each stage, is much more effective than asking for ‘three examples’ all at once. When several people are doing the task together, they can check each other's examples to make sure that they meet the constraint.</p></div></div></div></div><div class=" oucontentactivity oucontentsheavybox1 oucontentsbox " id="act001_005"><div class="oucontentouterbox"><h2 class="oucontenth3 oucontentheading oucontentnonumber">Activity 5 Greatest common divisor
</h2><div class="oucontentinnerbox"><div class="oucontentsaqquestion"><p>Work on this task for about an hour. Keep a record of significant moments as well as of your working on the mathematics.</p><p>Write down a pair of numbers such that one number is over 50 and the other is between 30 and 50. Subtract the smaller number from the larger one. From a new pair of numbers consisting of the smaller number and the difference. Repeat this until you get a difference of zero. The number just before you get zero should be the greatest common divisor of your starting numbers.</p><p>The greatest commom divisor of two numbers is the largest number that will divide exactly in to each of them.</p></div></div></div></div><div class=" oucontentactivity oucontentsheavybox1 oucontentsbox " id="act001_006"><div class="oucontentouterbox"><h2 class="oucontenth3 oucontentheading oucontentnonumber">Activity 6 Carriage wheels</h2><div class="oucontentinnerbox"><div class="oucontentsaqquestion"><p>Work on this task for about half an hour. What connections can you see with Activity 4?</p><p>A horsedrawn carriage used in parades has back and front wheels of different sizes, as shown in the figure below. The large back wheels are 165 cm in diameter, and the smaller front wheels are 121 cm in diameter. How many revolutions of each are required before the points touching the ground on all wheels are again all touching the ground? Explore this question for differentsized wheels, such as 165 cm and 66 cm, or 180 cm and 40 cm</p><p>The greatest common divisor of two numbers is the largest number that will divide exactly in to each of them.</p></div>
<div class="oucontentsaqdiscussion" datashowtext="Reveal discussion" datahidetext="Hide discussion"><h3 class="oucontenth4">Discussion</h3><p>Did you wonder why those numbers were chosen for the diameters of the carriage wheels? How easy was it to devise other pairs of wheel sizes that posed similar problems? Were you able to see a connection with Activity 4?</p></div></div></div></div><div class="oucontentfigure oucontentmediamini"><img src="https://www.open.edu/openlearn/ocw/pluginfile.php/90507/mod_oucontent/oucontent/757/3912eebe/08586987/me825_1_i001i.jpg" alt="" width="330" height="141" style="maxwidth:330px;" class="oucontentfigureimage"/></div>
https://www.open.edu/openlearn/sciencemathstechnology/mathematicsstatistics/workingonyourownmathematics/contentsection3
3 Work on your own mathematicsME825_1<p>Two activities are given below. You are asked to work on them in turn and to record not only your working, but observations on what you notice about your emotions as you work through step by step.</p><div class="
oucontentactivity
oucontentsheavybox1 oucontentsbox " id="act001_003"><div class="oucontentouterbox"><h2 class="oucontenth3 oucontentheading oucontentnonumber">Activity 3 Constrained numbers</h2><div class="oucontentinnerbox"><div class="oucontentsaqquestion"><p>Work on this task for about half an hour.</p><p><i>Starter</i></p><p>Write down a number between 2 and 4. And another. And another.</p></div>
<div class="oucontentsaqdiscussion" datashowtext="Reveal discussion" datahidetext="Hide discussion"><h3 class="oucontenth4">Discussion</h3><p>Experience suggests that there is a significant difference between being asked for three examples all at once, and being asked for three one after the other with pauses for the construction at each stage. By the third request, many learners are ‘feeling bored’ and so challenge themselves by constructing more complex examples. The point of the task is to get learners to become aware of the range of choices open to them and, more specifically, the general class of possibilities from which they can choose, so they do not jump at the first thing that comes to mind</p></div></div></div></div><div class="
oucontentactivity
oucontentsheavybox1 oucontentsbox " id="act001_004"><div class="oucontentouterbox"><h2 class="oucontenth3 oucontentheading oucontentnonumber">Activity 4 Main task</h2><div class="oucontentinnerbox"><div class="oucontentsaqquestion"><p>Write down a decimal number that lies between 2 and 3.</p><p>Now add a further constraint. Write down a decimal number that lies between 2 and 3, and does not use the digit 5.</p><p>Now add a further constraint. Write down a decimal number that lies between 2 and 3, and does not use the digit 5 but does use the digit 8.</p><p>Add a further constraint. Write down a decimal number that lies between 2 and 3, and does not use the digit 5 but does use the digit 8, and is as close to 2½ as possible.</p><p>
<b>
<i>Variant 1</i>
</b>
</p><p>Write down a fraction between 4 and 5.</p><p>Write down a fraction between 4 and 5 that uses each digit 0 to 9 just once.</p><p>Write down a fraction between 4 and 5 that uses each digit 0 to 9 just once and is as close to 4.25 as possible.</p><p>
<b>
<i>Variant 2</i>
</b>
</p><p>Write down a threedigit number.</p><p>Write down a threedigit number whose digits are all distinct.</p><p>Write down a threedigit number whose digits are all distinct and whose digits are all odd.</p><p>Write down a threedigit number whose digits are all distinct, whose digits are all odd and which is not a multiple of 5.</p><p>Now go back and, at each stage, write down a threedigit number that does <i>not</i> meet the criteria which follow it. For example, your first number must <i>not</i> have all digits distinct.</p></div>
<div class="oucontentsaqdiscussion" datashowtext="Reveal discussion" datahidetext="Hide discussion"><h3 class="oucontenth4">Discussion</h3><p>Did you find that working with each constraint in turn made it easier to construct an appropriate example than if you had tried to meet all the constraints at once? Were you tempted to jump ahead and try to be efficient by just doing the last part of each task? The idea behind setting a task in this way is that at each stage you become aware of the range of possibilities from which you are choosing your particular example. The last part of Variant 2 is designed to reveal examples that are more constrained than they need to be, and so it should lead to an awareness of a range of permissible examples that arise when one or other feature of the number is varied.</p><p>Experience suggests that, in the classroom, reading the task out stage by stage, leaving time for construction at each stage, is much more effective than asking for ‘three examples’ all at once. When several people are doing the task together, they can check each other's examples to make sure that they meet the constraint.</p></div></div></div></div><div class="
oucontentactivity
oucontentsheavybox1 oucontentsbox " id="act001_005"><div class="oucontentouterbox"><h2 class="oucontenth3 oucontentheading oucontentnonumber">Activity 5 Greatest common divisor
</h2><div class="oucontentinnerbox"><div class="oucontentsaqquestion"><p>Work on this task for about an hour. Keep a record of significant moments as well as of your working on the mathematics.</p><p>Write down a pair of numbers such that one number is over 50 and the other is between 30 and 50. Subtract the smaller number from the larger one. From a new pair of numbers consisting of the smaller number and the difference. Repeat this until you get a difference of zero. The number just before you get zero should be the greatest common divisor of your starting numbers.</p><p>The greatest commom divisor of two numbers is the largest number that will divide exactly in to each of them.</p></div></div></div></div><div class="
oucontentactivity
oucontentsheavybox1 oucontentsbox " id="act001_006"><div class="oucontentouterbox"><h2 class="oucontenth3 oucontentheading oucontentnonumber">Activity 6 Carriage wheels</h2><div class="oucontentinnerbox"><div class="oucontentsaqquestion"><p>Work on this task for about half an hour. What connections can you see with Activity 4?</p><p>A horsedrawn carriage used in parades has back and front wheels of different sizes, as shown in the figure below. The large back wheels are 165 cm in diameter, and the smaller front wheels are 121 cm in diameter. How many revolutions of each are required before the points touching the ground on all wheels are again all touching the ground? Explore this question for differentsized wheels, such as 165 cm and 66 cm, or 180 cm and 40 cm</p><p>The greatest common divisor of two numbers is the largest number that will divide exactly in to each of them.</p></div>
<div class="oucontentsaqdiscussion" datashowtext="Reveal discussion" datahidetext="Hide discussion"><h3 class="oucontenth4">Discussion</h3><p>Did you wonder why those numbers were chosen for the diameters of the carriage wheels? How easy was it to devise other pairs of wheel sizes that posed similar problems? Were you able to see a connection with Activity 4?</p></div></div></div></div><div class="oucontentfigure oucontentmediamini"><img src="https://www.open.edu/openlearn/ocw/pluginfile.php/90507/mod_oucontent/oucontent/757/3912eebe/08586987/me825_1_i001i.jpg" alt="" width="330" height="141" style="maxwidth:330px;" class="oucontentfigureimage"/></div>The Open UniversityThe Open UniversityCoursetext/htmlenGBWorking on your own mathematics  ME825_1Copyright © 2016 The Open University

Conclusion
https://www.open.edu/openlearn/sciencemathstechnology/mathematicsstatistics/workingonyourownmathematics/contentsection4
Tue, 12 Apr 2016 23:00:00 GMT
<p>This free course provided an introduction to studying Mathematics. It took you through a series of exercises designed to develop your approach to study and learning at a distance and helped to improve your confidence as an independent learner.</p><p>This OpenLearn course provides a sample of postgraduate level study in <span class="oucontentlinkwithtip"><a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.open.ac.uk/postgraduate/qualifications/f70">Education</a></span> and <a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.open.ac.uk/postgraduate/qualifications/f04">Mathematics</a>.</p>
https://www.open.edu/openlearn/sciencemathstechnology/mathematicsstatistics/workingonyourownmathematics/contentsection4
ConclusionME825_1<p>This free course provided an introduction to studying Mathematics. It took you through a series of exercises designed to develop your approach to study and learning at a distance and helped to improve your confidence as an independent learner.</p><p>This OpenLearn course provides a sample of postgraduate level study in <span class="oucontentlinkwithtip"><a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.open.ac.uk/postgraduate/qualifications/f70">Education</a></span> and <a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.open.ac.uk/postgraduate/qualifications/f04">Mathematics</a>.</p>The Open UniversityThe Open UniversityCoursetext/htmlenGBWorking on your own mathematics  ME825_1Copyright © 2016 The Open University

Keep on learning
https://www.open.edu/openlearn/sciencemathstechnology/mathematicsstatistics/workingonyourownmathematics/contentsection5
Tue, 12 Apr 2016 23:00:00 GMT
<div class="oucontentfigure oucontentmediamini"><img src="https://www.open.edu/openlearn/ocw/pluginfile.php/90507/mod_oucontent/oucontent/757/8ff4c822/d3c986e6/ol_skeleton_keeponlearning_image.jpg" alt="" width="300" height="200" style="maxwidth:300px;" class="oucontentfigureimage"/></div><p> </p><div class="oucontentinternalsection"><h2 class="oucontenth2 oucontentinternalsectionhead">Study another free course</h2><p>There are more than <b>800 courses on OpenLearn</b> for you to choose from on a range of subjects. </p><p>Find out more about all our <span class="oucontentlinkwithtip"><a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.open.edu/openlearn/freecourses?utm_source=openlearn&utm_campaign=ol&utm_medium=ebook">free courses</a></span>.</p><p> </p></div><div class="oucontentinternalsection"><h2 class="oucontenth2 oucontentinternalsectionhead">Take your studies further</h2><p>Find out more about studying with The Open University by <a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.open.ac.uk/courses?utm_source=openlearn&utm_campaign=ol&utm_medium=ebook">visiting our online prospectus</a>. </p><p>If you are new to university study, you may be interested in our <a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.open.ac.uk/courses/doit/access?utm_source=openlearn&utm_campaign=ol&utm_medium=ebook">Access Courses</a> or <a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.open.ac.uk/courses/certificateshe?utm_source=openlearn&utm_campaign=ol&utm_medium=ebook">Certificates</a>.</p><p> </p></div><div class="oucontentinternalsection"><h2 class="oucontenth2 oucontentinternalsectionhead">What’s new from OpenLearn?</h2><p>
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https://www.open.edu/openlearn/sciencemathstechnology/mathematicsstatistics/workingonyourownmathematics/contentsection5
Keep on learningME825_1<div class="oucontentfigure oucontentmediamini"><img src="https://www.open.edu/openlearn/ocw/pluginfile.php/90507/mod_oucontent/oucontent/757/8ff4c822/d3c986e6/ol_skeleton_keeponlearning_image.jpg" alt="" width="300" height="200" style="maxwidth:300px;" class="oucontentfigureimage"/></div><p> </p><div class="oucontentinternalsection"><h2 class="oucontenth2 oucontentinternalsectionhead">Study another free course</h2><p>There are more than <b>800 courses on OpenLearn</b> for you to choose from on a range of subjects. </p><p>Find out more about all our <span class="oucontentlinkwithtip"><a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.open.edu/openlearn/freecourses?utm_source=openlearn&utm_campaign=ol&utm_medium=ebook">free courses</a></span>.</p><p> </p></div><div class="oucontentinternalsection"><h2 class="oucontenth2 oucontentinternalsectionhead">Take your studies further</h2><p>Find out more about studying with The Open University by <a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.open.ac.uk/courses?utm_source=openlearn&utm_campaign=ol&utm_medium=ebook">visiting our online prospectus</a>. </p><p>If you are new to university study, you may be interested in our <a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.open.ac.uk/courses/doit/access?utm_source=openlearn&utm_campaign=ol&utm_medium=ebook">Access Courses</a> or <a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.open.ac.uk/courses/certificateshe?utm_source=openlearn&utm_campaign=ol&utm_medium=ebook">Certificates</a>.</p><p> </p></div><div class="oucontentinternalsection"><h2 class="oucontenth2 oucontentinternalsectionhead">What’s new from OpenLearn?</h2><p>
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References
https://www.open.edu/openlearn/sciencemathstechnology/mathematicsstatistics/workingonyourownmathematics/contentsectionreferences
Tue, 12 Apr 2016 23:00:00 GMT
<div class="oucontentreferenceitem">Hart, K., Kerslake, D., Brown, M., Ruddock, G., Kuchemann, D. and McCartney, M. (eds) (1981) <i>Children's Understanding of Mathematics 1116</i>, London, John Murray.</div><div class="oucontentreferenceitem">McCague, W. (2003) 'A mathematical look at a medieval cathedral', <i>Math Horizons</i>, April, pp.1115 and p.31. See also <span class="oucontentlinkwithtip"><a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.maa.org">http://www.maa.org</a></span>.</div><div class="oucontentreferenceitem">Phillips, E. and Crespo, S. (1996) 'Devopling written communication in mathematics through math penpal letters', <i>For the Learning of Mathematics</i>, vol.16, no.1, pp. 1522.</div>
https://www.open.edu/openlearn/sciencemathstechnology/mathematicsstatistics/workingonyourownmathematics/contentsectionreferences
ReferencesME825_1<div class="oucontentreferenceitem">Hart, K., Kerslake, D., Brown, M., Ruddock, G., Kuchemann, D. and McCartney, M. (eds) (1981) <i>Children's Understanding of Mathematics 1116</i>, London, John Murray.</div><div class="oucontentreferenceitem">McCague, W. (2003) 'A mathematical look at a medieval cathedral', <i>Math Horizons</i>, April, pp.1115 and p.31. See also <span class="oucontentlinkwithtip"><a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.maa.org">http://www.maa.org</a></span>.</div><div class="oucontentreferenceitem">Phillips, E. and Crespo, S. (1996) 'Devopling written communication in mathematics through math penpal letters', <i>For the Learning of Mathematics</i>, vol.16, no.1, pp. 1522.</div>The Open UniversityThe Open UniversityCoursetext/htmlenGBWorking on your own mathematics  ME825_1Copyright © 2016 The Open University

Acknowledgements
https://www.open.edu/openlearn/sciencemathstechnology/mathematicsstatistics/workingonyourownmathematics/contentsectionacknowledgements
Tue, 12 Apr 2016 23:00:00 GMT
<p>All materials included in this course are derived from content originated at The Open University.</p><p>Course image: <span class="oucontentlinkwithtip"><a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/fdecomite/">fdecomite</a></span> in Flickr made available under <a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/">Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Licence</a>.</p><p><b>Don't miss out:</b></p><p>If reading this text has inspired you to learn more, you may be interested in joining the millions of people who discover our free learning resources and qualifications by visiting The Open University  <a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.open.edu/openlearn/freecourses?utm_source=openlearn&utm_campaign=ol&utm_medium=ebook">www.open.edu/<span class="oucontenthidespace"> </span>openlearn/<span class="oucontenthidespace"> </span>freecourses</a></p><p>This free course is adapted from a former Open University course: ME825 <i>Researching mathematics learning</i>.</p>
https://www.open.edu/openlearn/sciencemathstechnology/mathematicsstatistics/workingonyourownmathematics/contentsectionacknowledgements
AcknowledgementsME825_1<p>All materials included in this course are derived from content originated at The Open University.</p><p>Course image: <span class="oucontentlinkwithtip"><a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/fdecomite/">fdecomite</a></span> in Flickr made available under <a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/">Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Licence</a>.</p><p><b>Don't miss out:</b></p><p>If reading this text has inspired you to learn more, you may be interested in joining the millions of people who discover our free learning resources and qualifications by visiting The Open University  <a class="oucontenthyperlink" href="http://www.open.edu/openlearn/freecourses?utm_source=openlearn&utm_campaign=ol&utm_medium=ebook">www.open.edu/<span class="oucontenthidespace"> </span>openlearn/<span class="oucontenthidespace"> </span>freecourses</a></p><p>This free course is adapted from a former Open University course: ME825 <i>Researching mathematics learning</i>.</p>The Open UniversityThe Open UniversityCoursetext/htmlenGBWorking on your own mathematics  ME825_1Copyright © 2016 The Open University