Meiosis and mitosis
Meiosis and mitosis

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Meiosis and mitosis

Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • understand that the number of chromosomes is characteristic of each species and can vary enormously between species

  • recognise that genetics is based on the concept of the gene as the unit of inheritance

  • understand that sexual reproduction always includes two distinctive processes: the production of gametes, which involves meiosis, and fertilisation.

  • understand that a particular phenotypic character is determined by the two copies of a gene that an organism possesses and these two copies are identical in a pure-breeding variety

  • understand that when organisms with contrasting characters for which they are pure-breeding are crossed, the dominant character appears in the first offspring or first filial generation and the recessive character is masked.

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