The making of individual differences
The making of individual differences

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The making of individual differences

9 Genes and their influence on behaviour revisited

9.1 The psychological arena

The examples in the previous section followed the traditional medical approach, namely that there is a disease, it can be diagnosed (identified), and the cause of the disease, be it viruses, bacteria, pathogens, genes or poisons, can be sought. This section moves away from the medical arena and into the psychological arena, where the symptoms are behavioural. In this case, the symptoms are socially unacceptable behaviour and to the list of causes just mentioned is added family circumstances and the individual's social situation.


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